經號:   
   (中部8經 更新)
中部8經/削減經(根本法門品[1])(莊春江譯)[MA.91]
  被我這麼聽聞
  有一次世尊住在舍衛城祇樹林給孤獨園。
  那時,尊者大純陀傍晚時,從獨坐出來,去見世尊。抵達後,向世尊問訊後,在一旁坐下。在一旁坐下的尊者大純陀對世尊說這個:
  「大德!凡這些種種見在世間中生起:真我論關聯的,或世界論關聯的,大德!只初作意比丘有這些這樣見的捨斷嗎?有這些這樣見的斷念嗎?」(81)
  「純陀!凡這些種種見在世間中生起:真我論關聯的,或世界論關聯的,在那些見生起之處、潛伏之處、實行之處,那個:『這不是我的我不是這個這不是我的真我。』以正確之慧這樣如實看見這個者有這些這樣見的捨斷,有這些這樣見的斷念。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘就從離諸欲後,從離諸不善法後,進入後住於有尋、有伺離而生喜、樂的初禪,他這麼想:『我削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為在當生中的樂住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘從尋與伺的平息,自身內的明淨心的專一性,進入後住於無尋、無伺,定而生喜、樂的第二禪,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為在當生中的樂住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘從喜的褪去、住於平靜、有念正知、以身體感受樂,進入後住於凡聖者們告知『他是平靜者、具念者、安樂住者』的第三禪,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為在當生中的樂住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘從樂的捨斷與從苦的捨斷,就在之前諸喜悅、憂的滅沒,進入後住於不苦不樂,平靜、念遍純淨的第四禪,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為在當生中的樂住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘從一切色想的超越,從有對想的滅沒,從不作意種種想[而知]:『虛空是無邊的』,進入後住於虛空無邊處,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為寂靜住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘超越一切虛空無邊處後[而知]:『識是無邊的』,進入後住於識無邊處,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為寂靜住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘超越一切識無邊處後[而知]:『什麼都沒有』,進入後住於無所有處,他這麼想:『我以削減。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為寂靜住處。
  純陀!又,這存在可能性:這裡,某一類比丘超越一切無所有處後,進入後住於非想非非想處,他這麼想:『我以削減而住。』純陀!然而這些在聖者之律中不被稱為削減,這些在聖者之律中被稱為寂靜住處。(82)
  純陀!又,這裡,削減應該被你們[這樣]做:『其他人將是傷害者,在這裡,我們將是不傷害者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是殺生者,在這裡,我們將是離殺生者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是未給予而取者,在這裡,我們將是離未給予而取者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是非梵行者,在這裡,我們將是離非梵行者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是妄語者,在這裡,我們將是離妄語者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是離間語者,在這裡,我們將是離離間語者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是粗惡語者,在這裡,我們將是離粗惡語者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是雜穢語者,在這裡,我們將是離雜穢語者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是貪婪者,在這裡,我們將是不貪婪者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是有瞋害心者,在這裡,我們將是無瞋害心者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪見者,在這裡,我們將是正見者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪志者,在這裡,我們將是正志者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪語者,在這裡,我們將是正語者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪業者,在這裡,我們將是正業者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪命者,在這裡,我們將是正命者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪精進者,在這裡,我們將是正精進者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪念者,在這裡,我們將是正念者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪定者,在這裡,我們將是正定者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪智者,在這裡,我們將是正智者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是邪解脫者,在這裡,我們將是正解脫者。』削減應該被做。
  『其他人將是被惛沈睡眠纏縛者,在這裡,我們將是離惛沈睡眠者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是掉舉者,在這裡,我們將是不掉舉者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是疑者,在這裡,我們將是度脫疑者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是易憤怒者,在這裡,我們將是不易憤怒者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是懷怨恨者,在這裡,我們將是不懷怨恨者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是藏惡者,在這裡,我們將是不藏惡者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是專橫者,在這裡,我們將是不專橫者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是嫉妒者,在這裡,我們將是不嫉妒者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是慳吝者,在這裡,我們將是不慳吝者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是狡猾者,在這裡,我們將是不狡猾者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是偽詐者,在這裡,我們將是不偽詐者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是剛愎者,在這裡,我們將是不剛愎者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是極慢者,在這裡,我們將是不極慢者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是難順從糾正者,在這裡,我們將是易順從糾正者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是惡朋友,在這裡,我們將是善朋友。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是放逸者,在這裡,我們將是不放逸者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是無信者,在這裡,我們將是有信者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是無慚者,在這裡,我們將是有慚者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是無愧者,在這裡,我們將是有愧者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是少聞者,在這裡,我們將是多聞者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是懈怠者,在這裡,我們將是活力已發動者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是念已忘失者,在這裡,我們將是念已現起者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是劣慧者,在這裡,我們將是慧具足者。』削減應該被做。『其他人將是執取己見者、固執者、難棄捨者,在這裡,我們將是不固執己見、不倔強、容易棄捨者。』削減應該被做。(83)
  純陀!我說即使在善法上心的生起是多助益的,更不用說以身、語在遵奉上。純陀!因此,在這裡,『其他人將是傷害者,在這裡,我們將是不傷害者。』應該使心被生起,『其他人將是殺生者,在這裡,我們將是離殺生者。』應該使心被生起……『其他人將是執取己見者、固執者、難棄捨者,在這裡,我們將是不固執己見、不倔強、容易棄捨者。』應該使心被生起。(84)
  純陀!猶如有不平整道路、為了它的回避之其他平整道路。又或猶如有不平整渡場、為了它的回避之其他平整渡場。同樣的,純陀!殘害的男子個人有為了回避的不殘害,殺生的男子個人有為了回避的從殺生之戒絕,未給予而取的男子個人有為了回避的從未給予而取之戒絕,妄語的男子個人有為了回避的從妄語之戒絕,離間語的男子個人有為了回避的從離間語之戒絕,粗惡語的男子個人有為了回避的從粗惡語之戒絕,雜穢語的男子個人有為了回避的從雜穢語之戒絕,貪婪的男子個人有為了回避的不貪婪,有瞋害心的男子個人有為了回避的無惡意,邪見的男子個人有為了回避的正見,邪志的男子個人有為了回避的正志,邪語的男子個人有為了回避的正語,邪業的男子個人有為了回避的正業,邪命的男子個人有為了回避的正命,邪精進的男子個人有為了回避的正精進,邪念的男子個人有為了回避的正念,邪定的男子個人有為了回避的正定,邪智的男子個人有為了回避的正智,邪解脫的男子個人有為了回避的正解脫,被惛沈睡眠纏縛的男子個人有為了回避的離惛沈睡眠,掉舉的男子個人有為了回避的不掉舉,疑的男子個人有為了回避的度脫疑,易憤怒的男子個人有為了回避的不憤怒,懷怨恨的男子個人有為了回避的不怨恨,藏惡的男子個人有為了回避的不藏惡,專橫的男子個人有為了回避的不專橫,嫉妒的男子個人有為了回避的不嫉妒,慳吝的男子個人有為了回避的不慳吝,狡猾的男子個人有為了回避的不狡猾,偽詐的男子個人有為了回避的不偽詐,剛愎的男子個人有為了回避的不剛愎,極慢的男子個人有為了回避的不極慢,不受諫男子個人有為了回避的易受諫性,惡朋友,有為了回避的善朋友,放逸的男子個人有為了回避的不放逸,無信的男子個人有為了回避的有信,無慚的男子個人有為了回避的有慚,無愧的男子個人有為了回避的有愧,少聞的男子個人有為了回避的多聞,懈怠的男子個人有為了回避的活力激發,念已忘失的男子個人有為了回避的念已現起,劣慧的男子個人有為了回避的慧具足,固執己見、倔強、難棄捨的男子個人有為了回避的不固執己見、不倔強、容易棄捨。(85)
  純陀!猶如凡任何不善法,他們全部應該被走到下方;凡任何善法,他們全部應該被走到上方。同樣的,純陀!殘害的男子個人有為了上方的不殘害,殺生的男子個人有為了上方的從殺生之戒絕。……(中略)對固執己見、倔強、難棄捨的男子個人有為了上方的不固執己見、不倔強、容易棄捨。(86)
  純陀!『那位以已掉入泥沼的自己將拉出其他掉入泥沼者。』這不存在可能性;純陀!『那位以未掉入泥沼的自己將拉出其他掉入泥沼者。』這存在可能性。純陀!『那位以未調御、未調伏、未般涅槃的自己將使其他人調御,將調伏,將使之般涅槃。』這不存在可能性;『那位以已調御、已調伏、已般涅槃的自己將使其他人調御,將調伏,將使之般涅槃。』這存在可能性。同樣的,純陀!殘害的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不殘害,殺生的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從殺生之戒絕,未給予而取的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從未給予而取之戒絕,妄語的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從妄語之戒絕,離間語的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從離間語之戒絕,粗惡語的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從粗惡語之戒絕,雜穢語的男子個人有為了般涅槃的從雜穢語之戒絕,貪婪的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不貪婪,有瞋害心的男子個人有為了般涅槃的無惡意,邪見的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正見,邪志的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正志,邪語的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正語,邪業的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正業,邪命的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正命,邪精進的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正精進,邪念的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正念,邪定的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正定,邪智的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正智,邪解脫的男子個人有為了般涅槃的正解脫,被惛沈睡眠纏縛的男子個人有為了般涅槃的離惛沈睡眠,掉舉的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不掉舉,疑的男子個人有為了般涅槃的度脫疑,易憤怒的男子個人有為了般涅槃的無憤怒,懷怨恨的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不怨恨,藏惡的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不藏惡,專橫的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不專橫,嫉妒的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不嫉妒,慳吝的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不慳吝,狡猾的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不狡猾,偽詐的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不偽詐,剛愎的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不剛愎,極慢的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不極慢,不受諫男子個人有為了般涅槃的易受諫性,惡朋友,有為了般涅槃的善朋友,放逸的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不放逸,無信的男子個人有為了般涅槃的有信,無慚的男子個人有為了般涅槃的有慚,無愧的男子個人有為了般涅槃的有愧,少聞的男子個人有為了般涅槃的多聞,懈怠的男子個人有為了般涅槃的活力激發,念已忘失的男子個人有為了般涅槃的念已現起,劣慧的男子個人有為了般涅槃的慧具足,固執己見、倔強、難棄捨的男子個人有為了般涅槃的不固執己見、不倔強、容易棄捨。(87)
  像這樣,純陀!削減法門被我教導,心的生起法門被我教導,回避法門被我教導,上方法門被我教導,般涅槃法門被我教導,純陀!凡出自憐愍應該被老師、利益者、憐愍者為了弟子作的,那個被我為你們做了。純陀!有這些樹下、這些空屋,純陀!你們要修禪,不要放逸,不要以後成為後悔者,這是我們為你們的教誡。」
  世尊說這個,悅意的尊者大純陀歡喜世尊的所說。(88)
  「被說的四十四句,以五個結合教導
  名為削減經,深如海。」
  削減經第八終了。
MN.8/(8) Sallekhasuttaṃ
   81. Evaṃ me sutaṃ– ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Atha kho āyasmā mahācundo sāyanhasamayaṃ paṭisallānā vuṭṭhito yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho āyasmā mahācundo bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “yā imā, bhante, anekavihitā diṭṭhiyo loke uppajjanti– attavādapaṭisaṃyuttā vā lokavādapaṭisaṃyuttā vā– ādimeva nu kho, bhante, bhikkhuno manasikaroto evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ pahānaṃ hoti, evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo hotī”ti?
   82. “Yā imā, cunda, anekavihitā diṭṭhiyo loke uppajjanti– attavādapaṭisaṃyuttā vā lokavādapaṭisaṃyuttā vā – yattha cetā diṭṭhiyo uppajjanti yattha ca anusenti yattha ca samudācaranti taṃ ‘netaṃ mama, nesohamasmi, na me so attā’ti– evametaṃ yathābhūtaṃ sammappaññā passato evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ pahānaṃ hoti, evametāsaṃ diṭṭhīnaṃ paṭinissaggo hoti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārā ete ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārā ete ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca vihareyya, sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeyya, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārā ete ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasuṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Diṭṭhadhammasukhavihārā ete ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu sabbaso rūpasaññānaṃ samatikkamā, paṭighasaññānaṃ atthaṅgamā, nānattasaññānaṃ amanasikārā, ‘ananto ākāso’ti ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Santā ete vihārā ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu sabbaso ākāsānañcāyatanaṃ samatikkamma ‘anantaṃ viññāṇan’ti viññāṇañcāyatanaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Santā ete vihārā ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu sabbaso viññāṇañcāyatanaṃ samatikkamma ‘natthi kiñcī’ti ākiñcaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti. Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Santā ete vihārā ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   “Ṭhānaṃ kho panetaṃ, cunda, vijjati yaṃ idhekacco bhikkhu sabbaso ākiñcaññāyatanaṃ samatikkamma nevasaññānāsaññāyatanaṃ upasampajja vihareyya. Tassa evamassa– ‘sallekhena viharāmī’ti Na kho panete, cunda, ariyassa vinaye sallekhā vuccanti. Santā ete vihārā ariyassa vinaye vuccanti.
   83. “Idha kho pana vo, cunda, sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare vihiṃsakā bhavissanti, mayamettha avihiṃsakā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare pāṇātipātī bhavissanti, mayamettha pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare adinnādāyī bhavissanti, mayamettha adinnādānā paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare abrahmacārī bhavissanti, mayamettha brahmacārī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare musāvādī bhavissanti, mayamettha musāvādā paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare pisuṇavācā bhavissanti, mayamettha pisuṇāya vācāya paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare pharusavācā bhavissanti, mayamettha pharusāya vācāya paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare samphappalāpī bhavissanti, mayamettha samphappalāpā paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare abhijjhālū bhavissanti, mayamettha anabhijjhālū bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare byāpannacittā bhavissanti, mayamettha abyāpannacittā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchādiṭṭhī bhavissanti, mayamettha sammādiṭṭhī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāsaṅkappā bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāsaṅkappā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāvācā bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāvācā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchākammantā bhavissanti, mayamettha sammākammantā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchā-ājīvā bhavissanti, mayamettha sammā-ājīvā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāvāyāmā bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāvāyāmā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāsatī bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāsatī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāsamādhi bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāsamādhī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāñāṇī bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāñāṇī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare micchāvimuttī bhavissanti, mayamettha sammāvimuttī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo.
   “‘Pare thīnamiddhapariyuṭṭhitā bhavissanti, mayamettha vigatathīnamiddhā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo ‘Pare uddhatā bhavissanti, mayamettha anuddhatā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare vicikicchī bhavissanti, mayamettha tiṇṇavicikicchā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare kodhanā bhavissanti, mayamettha akkodhanā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare upanāhī bhavissanti, mayamettha anupanāhī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare makkhī bhavissanti mayamettha amakkhī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare paḷāsī bhavissanti, mayamettha apaḷāsī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare issukī bhavissanti, mayamettha anissukī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare maccharī bhavissanti, mayamettha amaccharī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare saṭhā bhavissanti, mayamettha asaṭhā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare māyāvī bhavissanti, mayamettha amāyāvī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare thaddhā bhavissanti, mayamettha atthaddhā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare atimānī bhavissanti, mayamettha anatimānī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare dubbacā bhavissanti, mayamettha suvacā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare pāpamittā bhavissanti, mayamettha kalyāṇamittā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare pamattā bhavissanti, mayamettha appamattā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare assaddhā bhavissanti, mayamettha saddhā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare ahirikā bhavissanti, mayamettha hirimanā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare anottāpī bhavissanti, mayamettha ottāpī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare appassutā bhavissanti, mayamettha bahussutā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare kusītā bhavissanti, mayamettha āraddhavīriyā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare muṭṭhassatī bhavissanti, mayamettha upaṭṭhitassatī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare duppaññā bhavissanti, mayamettha paññāsampannā bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo. ‘Pare sandiṭṭhiparāmāsī ādhānaggāhī duppaṭinissaggī bhavissanti, mayamettha asandiṭṭhiparāmāsī anādhānaggāhī suppaṭinissaggī bhavissāmā’ti sallekho karaṇīyo.
   84. “Cittuppādampi kho ahaṃ, cunda, kusalesu dhammesu bahukāraṃ vadāmi, ko pana vādo kāyena vācāya anuvidhīyanāsu! Tasmātiha, cunda, ‘pare vihiṃsakā bhavissanti, mayamettha avihiṃsakā bhavissāmā’ti cittaṃ uppādetabbaṃ. ‘Pare pāṇātipātī bhavissanti, mayamettha pāṇātipātā paṭiviratā bhavissāmā’ti cittaṃ uppādetabbaṃ…‘pare sandiṭṭhiparāmāsī ādhānaggāhī duppaṭinissaggī bhavissanti, mayamettha asandiṭṭhiparāmāsī anādhānaggāhī suppaṭinissaggī bhavissāmā’ti cittaṃ uppādetabbaṃ.
   85. “Seyyathāpi, cunda, visamo maggo assa, tassa añño samo maggo parikkamanāya; seyyathā vā pana, cunda, visamaṃ titthaṃ assa, tassa aññaṃ samaṃ titthaṃ parikkamanāya; evameva kho, cunda, vihiṃsakassa purisapuggalassa avihiṃsā hoti parikkamanāya, pāṇātipātissa purisapuggalassa pāṇātipātā veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, adinnādāyissa purisapuggalassa adinnādānā veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, abrahmacārissa purisapuggalassa abrahmacariyā veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya musāvādissa purisapuggalassa musāvādā veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, pisuṇavācassa purisapuggalassa pisuṇāya vācāya veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, pharusavācassa purisapuggalassa pharusāya vācāya veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, samphappalāpissa purisapuggalassa samphappalāpā veramaṇī hoti parikkamanāya, abhijjhālussa purisapuggalassa anabhijjhā hoti parikkamanāya, byāpannacittassa purisapuggalassa abyāpādo hoti parikkamanāya, micchādiṭṭhissa purisapuggalassa sammādiṭṭhi hoti parikkamanāya, micchāsaṅkappassa purisa-puggalassa sammāsaṅkappo hoti parikkamanāya, micchāvācassa purisapuggalassa sammāvācā hoti parikkamanāya, micchākammantassa purisapuggalassa sammākammanto hoti parikkamanāya, micchā-ājīvassa purisapuggalassa sammā-ājīvo hoti parikkamanāya, micchāvāyāmassa purisapuggalassa sammāvāyāmo hoti parikkamanāya, micchāsatissa purisapuggalassa sammāsati hoti parikkamanāya, micchāsamādhissa purisapuggalassa sammāsamādhi hoti parikkamanāya, micchāñāṇissa purisapuggalassa sammāñāṇaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, micchāvimuttissa purisapuggalassa sammāvimutti hoti parikkamanāya.
   “Thīnamiddhapariyuṭṭhitassa purisapuggalassa vigatathinamiddhatā hoti parikkamanāya, uddhatassa purisapuggalassa anuddhaccaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, vicikicchissa purisapuggalassa tiṇṇavicikicchatā hoti parikkamanāya, kodhanassa purisapuggalassa akkodho hoti parikkamanāya, upanāhissa purisapuggalassa anupanāho hoti parikkamanāya, makkhissa purisapuggalassa amakkho hoti parikkamanāya, paḷāsissa purisapuggalassa apaḷāso hoti parikkamanāya issukissa purisapuggalassa anissukitā hoti parikkamanāya, maccharissa purisapuggalassa amacchariyaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, saṭhassa purisapuggalassa asāṭheyyaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, māyāvissa purisapuggalassa amāyā hoti parikkamanāya, thaddhassa purisapuggalassa atthaddhiyaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, atimānissa purisapuggalassa anatimāno hoti parikkamanāya, dubbacassa purisapuggalassa sovacassatā hoti parikkamanāya, pāpamittassa purisapuggalassa kalyāṇamittatā hoti parikkamanāya, pamattassa purisapuggalassa appamādo hoti parikkamanāya, assaddhassa purisapuggalassa saddhā hoti parikkamanāya, ahirikassa purisapuggalassa hirī hoti parikkamanāya, anottāpissa purisapuggalassa ottappaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, appassutassa purisapuggalassa bāhusaccaṃ hoti parikkamanāya, kusītassa purisapuggalassa vīriyārambho hoti parikkamanāya, muṭṭhassatissa purisapuggalassa upaṭṭhitassatitā hoti parikkamanāya, duppaññassa purisapuggalassa paññāsampadā hoti parikkamanāya sandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-ādhānaggāhi-duppaṭinissaggissa purisapuggalassa asandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-anādhānaggāhi-suppaṭinissaggitā hoti parikkamanāya.
   86. “Seyyathāpi, cunda, ye keci akusalā dhammā sabbe te adhobhāgaṅgamanīyā, ye keci kusalā dhammā sabbe te uparibhāgaṅgamanīyā, evameva kho, cunda, vihiṃsakassa purisapuggalassa avihiṃsā hoti uparibhāgāya, pāṇātipātissa purisapuggalassa pāṇātipātā veramaṇī hoti uparibhāgāya …pe… sandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-ādhānaggāhi-duppaṭinissaggissa purisapuggalassa asandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-anādhānaggāhi-suppaṭinissaggitā hoti uparibhāgāya.
   87. “So vata, cunda, attanā palipapalipanno paraṃ palipapalipannaṃ uddharissatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. So vata, cunda, attanā apalipapalipanno paraṃ palipapalipannaṃ uddharissatīti ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. So vata, cunda, attanā adanto avinīto aparinibbuto paraṃ damessati vinessati parinibbāpessatīti netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. So vata cunda, attanā danto vinīto parinibbuto paraṃ damessati vinessati parinibbāpessatīti ṭhānametaṃ vijjati. Evameva kho, cunda, vihiṃsakassa purisapuggalassa avihiṃsā hoti parinibbānāya, pāṇātipātissa purisapuggalassa pāṇātipātā veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Adinnādāyissa purisapuggalassa adinnādānā veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Abrahmacārissa purisapuggalassa abrahmacariyā veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Musāvādissa purisapuggalassa musāvādā veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Pisuṇavācassa purisapuggalassa pisuṇāya vācāya veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Pharusavācassa purisapuggalassa pharusāya vācāya veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Samphappalāpissa purisapuggalassa samphappalāpā veramaṇī hoti parinibbānāya. Abhijjhālussa purisapuggalassa anabhijjhā hoti parinibbānāya. Byāpannacittassa purisapuggalassa abyāpādo hoti parinibbānāya. Micchādiṭṭhissa purisapuggalassa sammādiṭṭhi hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāsaṅkappassa purisa-puggalassa sammāsaṅkappo hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāvācassa purisapuggalassa sammāvācā hoti parinibbānāya. Micchākammantassa purisapuggalassa sammākammanto hoti parinibbānāya. Micchā-ājīvassa purisapuggalassa sammā-ājīvo hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāvāyāmassa purisapuggalassa sammāvāyāmo hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāsatissa purisapuggalassa sammāsati hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāsamādhissa purisapuggalassa sammāsamādhi hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāñāṇissa purisapuggalassa sammāñāṇaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Micchāvimuttissa purisapuggalassa sammāvimutti hoti parinibbānāya.
   “Thīnamiddhapariyuṭṭhitassa purisapuggalassa vigatathinamiddhatā hoti parinibbānāya. Uddhatassa purisapuggalassa anuddhaccaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Vicikicchissa purisapuggalassa tiṇṇavicikicchatā hoti parinibbānāya. Kodhanassa purisapuggalassa akkodho hoti parinibbānāya. Upanāhissa purisapuggalassa anupanāho hoti parinibbānāya. Makkhissa purisapuggalassa amakkho hoti parinibbānāya. Paḷāsissa purisapuggalassa apaḷāso hoti parinibbānāya. Issukissa purisapuggalassa anissukitā hoti parinibbānāya. Maccharissa purisapuggalassa amacchariyaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Saṭhassa purisapuggalassa asāṭheyyaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Māyāvissa purisapuggalassa amāyā hoti parinibbānāya. Thaddhassa purisapuggalassa atthaddhiyaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Atimānissa purisapuggalassa anatimāno hoti parinibbānāya. Dubbacassa purisapuggalassa sovacassatā hoti parinibbānāya. Pāpamittassa purisapuggalassa kalyāṇamittatā hoti parinibbānāya. Pamattassa purisapuggalassa appamādo hoti parinibbānāya. Assaddhassa purisapuggalassa saddhā hoti parinibbānāya. Ahirikassa purisapuggalassa hirī hoti parinibbānāya. Anottāpissa purisapuggalassa ottappaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Appassutassa purisapuggalassa bāhusaccaṃ hoti parinibbānāya. Kusītassa purisapuggalassa vīriyārambho hoti parinibbānāya. Muṭṭhassatissa purisapuggalassa upaṭṭhitassatitā hoti parinibbānāya. Duppaññassa purisapuggalass paññāsampadā hoti parinibbānāya. Sandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-ādhānaggāhi-duppaṭinissaggissa purisa-puggalassa asandiṭṭhiparāmāsi-anādhānaggāhi-suppaṭinissaggitā hoti parinibbānāya.
   88. “Iti kho, cunda, desito mayā sallekhapariyāyo, desito cittuppādapariyāyo, desito parikkamanapariyāyo, desito uparibhāgapariyāyo, desito parinibbānapariyāyo. Yaṃ kho, cunda, satthārā karaṇīyaṃ sāvakānaṃ hitesinā anukampakena anukampaṃ upādāya, kataṃ vo taṃ mayā. ‘Etāni, cunda, rukkhamūlāni, etāni suññāgārāni, jhāyatha, cunda, mā pamādattha, mā pacchāvippaṭisārino ahuvattha’– ayaṃ kho amhākaṃ anusāsanī”ti.
   Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamano āyasmā mahācundo bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandīti.
   Catuttālīsapadā vuttā, sandhayo pañca desitā;
   Sallekho nāma suttanto, gambhīro sāgarūpamoti.
   Sallekhasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ aṭṭhamaṃ.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):
  「掉貢高(MA.91)」,南傳作「掉舉的」(uddhatā),智髻比丘長老英譯為「不安的」(restless)。
  「惡度(MA.91)」,南傳作「不平整渡場」(visamaṃ titthaṃ,另譯為「險難的渡場」),智髻比丘長老英譯為「不平整涉水處」(an uneven ford)。
  按:《摩訶僧祇律》說,佛語比丘:「喻如:溺人而復救溺,汝始一歲已,畜無歲弟子。……不能自降伏欲降伏他人,無有是處;不能自調而欲調御他人,無有是處;不能自度而欲度人者,無有是處;自未解脫欲解脫餘人者,無有是處。……已自解脫解脫餘人,斯有是處。……從今日後,不聽減十歲比丘度人出家受具足。」
  「對法(MA.91)」,南傳作「回避法門」(parikkamanapariyāyo),智髻比丘長老英譯為「迴避之道」(the way of avoidance)。
  「真我論關聯的」(attavādapaṭisaṃyutt),智髻比丘長老英譯為「或與我之教義結合」(associated either with doctrines of a self)。按:《破斥猶豫》以「認為色是我」等與真我論關聯的(attavādena paṭisaṃyuttā)二十種[有身見]解說,但長老認為也可理解為更多其他相關的教義,如MN.102所說。
  「世界論關聯的」(lokavādapaṭisaṃyuttā),智髻比丘長老英譯為「與世界之教義結合」(associated with doctrines about the world)。按:《破斥猶豫》以「我與世界是常、無常、亦常亦無常、非常非無常;有邊、無邊、亦有邊亦無邊、非有邊非無邊等八類」解說。
  「只初作意」(ādimeva…manasikaroto),智髻比丘長老英譯為「只初加入(到達)[他的冥想(定)訓練]」(attending only to the beginning [of his meditative training])。按:《破斥猶豫》指未達須陀洹道者(appatvāpi sotāpattimaggaṃ)的作意。
  「實行之處」(yattha ca samudācaranti),智髻比丘長老英譯為「有關它們被運用[的對象]」([the object] in relation to which they are exercised upon)。按:《破斥猶豫》說,處(yattha)指「那些在所緣上生起」(yasmiṃ ārammaṇe uppajjantīti),而「在身語門上達到的為實行」(Kāyavacīdvāraṃ sampattā samudācarantīti)。
  「四十四句」(Catuttālīsapadā, catuttāḷīsapadā, catucattāḷīsapadā),智髻比丘長老英譯沒譯,但譯文內標明四十四項,Nyanaponika長老英譯為「四十四項」(forty-four items)。按:此偈應是結集者綜括全經內容的綱領加入的,有攝頌的味道。「四十四句」指「殘害……固執己見、倔強、難棄捨」等四十四項。
  「五個結合教導」(sandhayo pañca desitā),智髻比丘長老英譯沒譯。按:「五個結合」指「削減、心的生起、回避、上方、般涅槃」等五個與四十四項結合。