經號:   
   (AN.5.73 更新)
增支部5集73經/住於法者經第一(莊春江譯)
  那時,某位比丘去見世尊。抵達後,向世尊問訊後,在一旁坐下。在一旁坐下的那位比丘對世尊說這個:
  「大德!被稱為『住於法者,住於法者』,大德!什麼情形是住於法者呢?」
  「比丘!這裡,比丘學習法:修多羅、祇夜、記說、伽陀、優陀那、如是語、本生、未曾有法、毘富羅,他以那些法的誦學度過白天,他捨除獨坐,不實踐內心的止,比丘!這被稱為多做誦學的比丘,而非住於法者。
  再者,比丘!比丘是如所聞的、如所學得的以詳細對他人教導法者,他以法的宣說度過白天,他捨除獨坐,不實踐內心的止,比丘!這被稱為多做宣說的比丘,而非住於法者。
  再者,比丘!比丘詳細地誦讀如所聞的、如所學得的法,他以那誦讀度過白天,他捨除獨坐,不實踐內心的止,比丘!這被稱為多做誦讀的比丘,而非住於法者。
  再者,比丘!比丘以心隨尋思、隨伺察被心隨觀察所聞、所遍學得的法,他以那些法的尋思度過白天,他捨除獨坐,不實踐內心的止,比丘!這被稱為多做尋思的比丘,而非住於法者。
  比丘!這裡,比丘學習法:修多羅、祇夜、記說、伽陀、優陀那、如是語、本生、未曾有法、毘富羅,他不以那些法的誦學度過白天,他不捨除獨坐,而實踐內心的止,比丘!這樣的比丘是住於法者。
  像這樣,多做誦學者被我教說;多做宣說者被我教說;多做誦讀者被我教說;多做尋思者被我教說;住於法者被我教說,比丘!凡出自憐愍應該被老師、利益者、憐愍者為了弟子作的,那個被我為你們做了。比丘!有這些樹下、這些空屋,比丘!你們要修禪,不要放逸,不要以後成為後悔者,這是我們對你們的教誡。」
AN.5.73/ 3. Paṭhamadhammavihārīsuttaṃ
   73. Atha kho aññataro bhikkhu yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho so bhikkhu bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “‘dhammavihārī, dhammavihārī’ti, bhante, vuccati. Kittāvatā nu kho, bhante, bhikkhu dhammavihārī hotī”ti?
   “Idha, bhikkhu, bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti– suttaṃ, geyyaṃ, veyyākaraṇaṃ, gāthaṃ, udānaṃ, itivuttakaṃ, jātakaṃ, abbhutadhammaṃ, vedallaṃ. So tāya dhammapariyattiyā divasaṃ atināmeti, riñcati paṭisallānaṃ, nānuyuñjati ajjhattaṃ cetosamathaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhu– ‘bhikkhu pariyattibahulo, no dhammavihārī’”.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhu, bhikkhu yathāsutaṃ yathāpariyattaṃ dhammaṃ vitthārena paresaṃ deseti. So tāya dhammapaññattiyā divasaṃ atināmeti, riñcati paṭisallānaṃ, nānuyuñjati ajjhattaṃ cetosamathaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhu– ‘bhikkhu paññattibahulo, no dhammavihārī’”.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhu, bhikkhu yathāsutaṃ yathāpariyattaṃ dhammaṃ vitthārena sajjhāyaṃ karoti. So tena sajjhāyena divasaṃ atināmeti, riñcati paṭisallānaṃ, nānuyuñjati ajjhattaṃ cetosamathaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhu– ‘bhikkhu sajjhāyabahulo, no dhammavihārī’”.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhu, bhikkhu yathāsutaṃ yathāpariyattaṃ dhammaṃ cetasā anuvitakketi anuvicāreti manasānupekkhati. So tehi dhammavitakkehi divasaṃ atināmeti, riñcati paṭisallānaṃ, nānuyuñjati ajjhattaṃ cetosamathaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhu– ‘bhikkhu vitakkabahulo, no dhammavihārī’”.
   “Idha, bhikkhu, bhikkhu dhammaṃ pariyāpuṇāti– suttaṃ, geyyaṃ, veyyākaraṇaṃ, gāthaṃ, udānaṃ, itivuttakaṃ, jātakaṃ, abbhutadhammaṃ, vedallaṃ. So tāya dhammapariyattiyā na divasaṃ atināmeti, nāpi riñcati paṭisallānaṃ, anuyuñjati ajjhattaṃ cetosamathaṃ. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhu, bhikkhu dhammavihārī hoti.
   “Iti kho, bhikkhu, desito mayā pariyattibahulo, desito paññattibahulo, desito sajjhāyabahulo, desito vitakkabahulo, desito dhammavihārī. Yaṃ kho, bhikkhu, satthārā karaṇīyaṃ sāvakānaṃ hitesinā anukampakena anukampaṃ upādāya, kataṃ vo taṃ mayā. Etāni, bhikkhu, rukkhamūlāni, etāni suññāgārāni. Jhāyatha, bhikkhu, mā pamādattha mā pacchā vippaṭisārino ahuvattha. Ayaṃ vo amhākaṃ anusāsanī”ti. Tatiyaṃ.
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