經號:   
   (AN.2.1 更新)
對那位世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者禮敬
增支部
二集篇經典
1.第一個五十則
1.造業品
增支部2集1經/罪過經(莊春江譯)
  被我這麼聽聞
  有一次世尊住在舍衛城祇樹林給孤獨園。
  在那裡,世尊召喚比丘們:「比丘們!」
  「尊師!」那些比丘回答世尊。
  世尊說這個:
  「比丘們!有這二種罪過,哪二種呢?當生的罪過與來世的罪過。
  比丘們!而什麼是當生的罪過呢?比丘們!這裡,某人看見國王們捕捉盜賊、罪犯後,使施加種種刑罰:以鞭打,也以棒打,也以手杖打,也切斷手,也切斷腳,也切斷手與腳,也切斷耳,也切斷鼻,也切斷耳與鼻,也施加酸粥鍋刑,也施加貝禿刑,也施加羅侯口刑,也施加火鬘刑,也施加燭手刑,也施加驅行刑,也施加樹皮衣刑,也施加羚羊刑,也施加鉤肉刑,也施加錢刑,也施加鹼浴刑,也施加扭轉門閂刑,也施加稻草足踏台刑,也淋熱油,也使以諸狗咬,也使活者在尖物上刺入,也以刀切斷頭。
  他這麼想:『如這樣惡行為之因,國王們捕捉盜賊、罪犯後,使施加種種刑罰:以鞭打,也以棒打,也以手杖打,也切斷手,也切斷腳,也切斷手與腳,也切斷耳,也切斷鼻,也切斷耳與鼻,也施加酸粥鍋刑,也施加貝禿刑,也施加羅侯口刑,也施加火鬘刑,也施加燭手刑,也施加驅行刑,也施加樹皮衣刑,也施加羚羊刑,也施加鉤肉刑,也施加錢刑,也施加鹼浴刑,也施加扭轉門閂刑,也施加稻草足踏台刑,也淋熱油,也使以諸狗咬,也使活者在尖物上刺入,也以刀切斷頭,又,同樣地,如果我作像那樣的惡行為,國王們捕捉我後,也使施加種種刑罰:以鞭打……(中略)也會以刀劍砍頭。』當害怕當生的罪過時,他對他人的資財不行掠奪,比丘們!這被稱為當生的罪過。
  比丘們!而什麼是來世的罪過呢?比丘們!這裡,某人像這樣深慮:『身惡行在來世有惡的、苦的果報;語惡行在來世有惡的、苦的果報;意惡行在來世有惡的、苦的果報,如果我以身行惡行、以語行惡行、以意行惡行,我以身體的崩解,死後如何不會往生苦界惡趣下界、地獄呢!』當害怕來世的罪過時,他捨斷身惡行後,修習身善行;捨斷語惡行後,修習語善行;捨斷意惡行後,修習意善行,他護持自己的清淨,比丘們!這被稱為來世的罪過。比丘們!這些是二種罪過。
  比丘們!因此,在這裡,應該被這麼學:『我們要害怕當生的罪過,我們要害怕來世的罪過,我們要成為罪過的恐懼者、罪過恐怖的看見者。』比丘們!應該被你們這麼學。
  比丘們!這能被預期:罪過的恐懼者、罪過恐怖的看見者將從一切罪過被釋放。」
Namo tassa bhagavato arahato sammāsambuddhassa.
Aṅguttaranikāyo
Dukanipātapāḷi
1. Paṭhamapaṇṇāsakaṃ
1. Kammakaraṇavaggo
AN.2.1/ 1. Vajjasuttaṃ
1. Evaṃ me sutaṃ– ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca–
   “Dvemāni, bhikkhave, vajjāni. Katamāni dve? Diṭṭhadhammikañca vajjaṃ samparāyikañca vajjaṃ Katamañca, bhikkhave, diṭṭhadhammikaṃ vajjaṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco passati coraṃ āgucāriṃ rājāno gahetvā vividhā kammakāraṇā kārente; kasāhipi tāḷente, vettehipi tāḷente, addhadaṇḍakehipi tāḷente, hatthampi chindante, pādampi chindante, hatthapādampi chindante, kaṇṇampi chindante, nāsampi chindante, kaṇṇanāsampi chindante, bilaṅgathālikampi karonte, saṅkhamuṇḍikampi karonte, rāhumukhampi karonte, jotimālikampi karonte, hatthapajjotikampi karonte, erakavattikampi karonte, cīrakavāsikampi karonte, eṇeyyakampi karonte, baḷisamaṃsikampi karonte, kahāpaṇikampi karonte, khārāpatacchikampi karonte, palighaparivattikampi karonte, palālapīṭhakampi karonte, tattenapi telena osiñcante, sunakhehipi khādāpente, jīvantampi sūle uttāsente, asināpi sīsaṃ chindante.
   “Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘yathārūpānaṃ kho pāpakānaṃ kammānaṃ hetu coraṃ āgucāriṃ rājāno gahetvā vividhā kammakāraṇā kārenti; kasāhipi tāḷenti, vettehipi tāḷenti, addhadaṇḍakehipi tāḷenti, hatthampi chindanti, pādampi chindanti, hatthapādampi chindanti, kaṇṇampi chindanti, nāsampi chindanti, kaṇṇanāsampi chindanti, bilaṅgathālikampi karonti, saṅkhamuṇḍikampi karonti, rāhumukhampi karonti, jotimālikampi karonti, hatthapajjotikampi karonti, erakavattikampi karonti, cīrakavāsikampi karonti, eṇeyyakampi karonti, baḷisamaṃsikampi karonti, kahāpaṇikampi karonti, khārāpatacchikampi karonti, palighaparivattikampi karonti, palālapīṭhakampi karonti, tattenapi telena osiñcanti, sunakhehipi khādāpenti, jīvantampi sūle uttāsenti, asināpi sīsaṃ chindanti. Ahañceva kho pana evarūpaṃ pāpakammaṃ kareyyaṃ, mampi rājāno gahetvā evarūpā vividhā kammakāraṇā kāreyyuṃ; kasāhipi tāḷeyyuṃ …pe… asināpi sīsaṃ chindeyyun’ti. So diṭṭhadhammikassa vajjassa bhīto na paresaṃ pābhataṃ vilumpanto carati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, diṭṭhadhammikaṃ vajjaṃ.
   “Katamañca, bhikkhave, samparāyikaṃ vajjaṃ? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco iti paṭisañcikkhati– ‘kāyaduccaritassa kho pana pāpako dukkho vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ, vacīduccaritassa pāpako dukkho vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ, manoduccaritassa pāpako dukkho vipāko abhisamparāyaṃ. Ahañceva kho pana kāyena duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ, vācāya duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ manasā duccaritaṃ careyyaṃ. Kiñca taṃ yāhaṃ na kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā apāyaṃ duggatiṃ vinipātaṃ nirayaṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So samparāyikassa vajjassa bhīto kāyaduccaritaṃ pahāya kāyasucaritaṃ bhāveti, vacīduccaritaṃ pahāya vacīsucaritaṃ bhāveti, manoduccaritaṃ pahāya manosucaritaṃ bhāveti, suddhaṃ attānaṃ pariharati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, samparāyikaṃ vajjaṃ. “Imāni kho, bhikkhave, dve vajjāni. Tasmātiha, bhikkhave, evaṃ sikkhitabbaṃ– ‘diṭṭhadhammikassa vajjassa bhāyissāma, samparāyikassa vajjassa bhāyissāma, vajjabhīruno bhavissāma vajjabhayadassāvino’ti. Evañhi vo, bhikkhave, sikkhitabbaṃ. Vajjabhīruno, bhikkhave, vajjabhayadassāvino etaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ yaṃ parimuccissati sabbavajjehī”ti. Paṭhamaṃ.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):