經號:   
   (SN.47.14 更新)
相應部47相應14經/烏迦支羅經(念住相應/大篇/修多羅)(莊春江譯)[SA.639]
  有一次,在舍利弗、目揵連已般涅槃不久,世尊與大比丘僧團共住在跋耆的烏迦支羅恒河邊。
  當時,世尊被比丘僧團圍繞,坐在屋外
  那時,世尊環視保持沈默的比丘僧團後,召喚比丘們:
  「比丘們!對我來說,在舍利弗、目揵連已般涅槃時,這個團體(眾)看起來像是空的。
  比丘們!對我來說,團體是不空的,在那些方向是不關注的:凡在舍利弗、目揵連住的方向。
  比丘們!凡那些存在於過去世的阿羅漢遍正覺者,那些世尊也都有這最勝的一對弟子,猶如我的舍利弗、目揵連;凡那些存在於未來世的阿羅漢、遍正覺者,那些世尊也都有這最勝的一對弟子,猶如我的舍利弗、目揵連。
  比丘們!對[這一對]弟子們來說,不可思議啊!比丘們!對弟子們來說,未曾有啊!他們將是遵循老師教誡者、教誡糾正者,以及他們將是四眾的所愛者、合意者、應該被尊重尊敬者。
  比丘們!如來的不可思議啊!比丘們!如來的未曾有啊!在像這樣一對弟子般涅槃時,如來沒有愁或悲。
  比丘們!在這裡,那如何可得:『凡那個被生的、存在的有為的、敗壞之法都不要被破壞!』這是不可能的!比丘們!猶如有心材的、住立的大樹中,凡較大的枝幹它被折斷。同樣的,比丘們!有心材的、住立的大比丘僧團中,舍利弗已般涅槃。比丘們!在這裡,那如何可得:『凡那個被生的、存在的、有為的、敗壞之法都不要被破壞。』這是不可能的!
  比丘們!因此,在這裡,你們要住於以自己為島以自己為歸依,不以其他為歸依;以法為島,以法為歸依,不以其他為歸依。比丘們!而比丘怎樣以自己為島,以自己為歸依,不以其他為歸依;以法為島,以法為歸依,不以其他為歸依呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘住於在身上隨觀著身:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;在諸受上……(中略)在心上……(中略)住於在諸法上隨觀著法:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後。比丘們!比丘這樣住於以自己為島,以自己為歸依,不以其他為歸依;以法為島,以法為歸依,不以其他為歸依。
  比丘們!現在或我死後,凡任何將住於以自己為島,以自己為歸依,不以其他為歸依;以法為島,以法為歸依,不以其他為歸依者,比丘們!對我來說,這些比丘將是凡任何欲學者中最第一的。」
SN.47.14/(4) Ukkacelasuttaṃ
   380. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā vajjīsu viharati ukkacelāyaṃ gaṅgāya nadiyā tīre mahatā bhikkhusaṅghena saddhiṃ aciraparinibbutesu sāriputtamoggallānesu. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā bhikkhusaṅghaparivuto ajjhokāse nisinno hoti.
   Atha kho bhagavā tuṇhībhūtaṃ bhikkhusaṅghaṃ anuviloketvā bhikkhū āmantesi– “api myāyaṃ, bhikkhave, parisā suññā viya khāyati parinibbutesu sāriputtamoggallānesu. Asuññā me, bhikkhave, parisā hoti anapekkhā tassaṃ disāyaṃ hoti, yassaṃ disāyaṃ sāriputtamoggallānā viharanti. Ye hi te, bhikkhave, ahesuṃ atītamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tesampi bhagavantānaṃ etapparamaṃyeva sāvakayugaṃ ahosi– seyyathāpi mayhaṃ sāriputtamoggallānā. Yepi te, bhikkhave, bhavissanti anāgatamaddhānaṃ arahanto sammāsambuddhā, tesampi bhagavantānaṃ etapparamaṃyeva sāvakayugaṃ bhavissati– seyyathāpi mayhaṃ sāriputtamoggallānā. Acchariyaṃ, bhikkhave, sāvakānaṃ! Abbhutaṃ, bhikkhave, sāvakānaṃ! Satthu ca nāma sāsanakarā bhavissanti ovādappaṭikarā, catunnañca parisānaṃ piyā bhavissanti manāpā garubhāvanīyā ca! Acchariyaṃ, bhikkhave, tathāgatassa, abbhutaṃ, bhikkhave, tathāgatassa! Evarūpepi nāma sāvakayuge parinibbute natthi tathāgatassa soko vā paridevo vā! Taṃ kutettha, bhikkhave, labbhā! Yaṃ taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ palokadhammaṃ, taṃ vata mā palujjīti– netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, mahato rukkhassa tiṭṭhato sāravato ye mahantatarā khandhā te palujjeyyuṃ; evameva kho, bhikkhave, mahato bhikkhusaṅghassa tiṭṭhato sāravato sāriputtamoggallānā parinibbutā. Taṃ kutettha, bhikkhave, labbhā! Yaṃ taṃ jātaṃ bhūtaṃ saṅkhataṃ palokadhammaṃ, taṃ vata mā palujjīti– netaṃ ṭhānaṃ vijjati. Tasmātiha, bhikkhave, attadīpā viharatha attasaraṇā anaññasaraṇā, dhammadīpā dhammasaraṇā anaññasaraṇā.
   “Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu attadīpo viharati attasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo, dhammadīpo dhammasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; vedanāsu …pe… citte …pe… dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ. Evaṃ kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu attadīpo viharati attasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo, dhammadīpo dhammasaraṇo anaññasaraṇo. Ye hi keci, bhikkhave, etarahi vā mamaccaye vā attadīpā viharissanti attasaraṇā anaññasaraṇā, dhammadīpā dhammasaraṇā anaññasaraṇā; tamatagge mete, bhikkhave, bhikkhū bhavissanti ye keci sikkhākāmā”ti. Catutthaṃ.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):
  「若起、若作(SA.638);起法、作法(SA.639)」,南傳作「存在的」(bhūtaṃ,另譯為「已變成;已出生」),菩提比丘長老英譯為「生成」(come to be)。
  「四眾的」(catunnañca parisānaṃ),菩提比丘長老英譯為「四種集合」(the four assemblies),並解說,這是指「比丘、比丘尼、優婆塞、優婆夷」。