經號:   
   (SN.35.127 更新)
相應部35相應127經/婆羅墮若經(處相應/處篇/修多羅)(莊春江譯)
  有一次尊者賓頭盧婆羅墮若住在憍賞彌瞿師羅園。
  那時,優填那王去見尊者賓頭盧婆羅墮若。抵達後,與尊者賓頭盧婆羅墮若相互歡迎。歡迎與寒暄後,就在一旁坐下。在一旁坐好後,優填那王對尊者賓頭盧婆羅墮若這麼說:
  「婆羅墮若先生!什麼因、什麼緣,為何這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年,具備青春的幸福,在人生之初期,不在感官之欲中玩樂,而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光?」
  「大王!這被有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者所說:『來!比丘們!你們對如母親般年紀的女人,應該現起她是母親的心;對如姊妹般年紀的女人,應該現起她是姊妹的心;對如女兒般年紀的女人,應該現起她是女兒的心。』大王!此因、此緣而這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年,具備青春的幸福,在人生之初期,不在感官之欲中玩樂,而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光。」
  「婆羅墮若先生!心是搖動的,有時,對如母親般年紀的女人,也生起貪法;對如姊妹般年紀的女人,也生起貪法;對如女兒般年紀的女人,也生起貪法,婆羅墮若先生!有其他因、其他緣,由該處,這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年……(中略)而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光?」
  「大王!這被有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者所說:『來!比丘們!你們應該觀察此身從腳掌底往上,髮梢往下,皮膚所包覆充滿種種不淨的:「此身有頭髮、體毛、指甲、牙齒、皮膚、肌肉、筋腱、骨骼、骨髓、腎臟、心臟、肝臟、肋膜、脾臟、肺臟、腸子、腸間膜、胃、糞便、膽汁、痰、膿、血、汗、脂肪、眼淚、油脂、唾液、鼻涕、關節液、尿。」』大王!此因、此緣,由該處,這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年……(中略)而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光。」
  「婆羅墮若先生!對那些身已修習、戒已修習、心已修習、慧已修習的比丘們來說,那是容易的,婆羅墮若先生!但對那些身未修習、戒未修習、心未修習、慧未修習的比丘們來說,那是困難的,婆羅墮若先生!有時,[心想:]『我要作意不清淨的狀態。』卻走過來如清淨的狀態,婆羅墮若先生!有其他因、其他緣,由該處,這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年……(中略)而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光?」
  「大王!這被有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者所說:『來!比丘們!你們要住於守護根門:以眼見色後,你們不要成為相的執取者、細相的執取者,因為當住於眼根的不防護時,貪婪、憂之惡不善法會流入,你們應該依其自制而行動,你們應該保護眼根,你們應該在眼根上達到自制;以耳聽聲音後……(中略)以鼻嗅氣味後……以舌嚐味道後……以身觸所觸後……以意識知法後,成為相的執取者、細相的執取者,因為當住於意根的不防護時,貪婪、憂之惡不善法會流入,你們應該依其自制而行動,你們應該保護意根,你們應該在意根上達到自制。』大王!此因、此緣,由該處,這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年,具備青春的幸福,在人生之初期,不在感官之欲中玩樂,而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光。」
  「不可思議啊,婆羅墮若先生!未曾有啊,婆羅墮若先生!
  婆羅墮若先生!這被有知、有見的世尊、阿羅漢、遍正覺者多麼善說,婆羅墮若先生!『這是因、這是緣,依此而這些年輕的比丘們,黑髮的青年,具備青春的幸福,在人生之初期,不在感官之欲中玩樂,而在有生之年度過行圓滿、遍清淨梵行的時光。』
  婆羅墮若先生!我也一樣,每當我以身未守護、以語未守護、以心未守護,以念未現起,以諸根未防護進入內宮時,那時,貪法極度地征服我,婆羅墮若先生!但每當我以身已守護、以語已守護、以心已守護,以念已現起,以諸根已防護進入內宮時,那時,貪法不像那樣征服我。
  太偉大了,婆羅墮若先生!太偉大了,婆羅墮若先生!猶如能扶正顛倒的,能顯現被隱藏的,能告知迷途者的路,能在黑暗中持燈火:『有眼者看得見諸色』。同樣的,法被婆羅墮若尊師以種種法門說明。
  婆羅墮若先生!我歸依世尊、法、比丘僧團,請婆羅墮若尊師記得我為優婆塞,從今天起終生歸依。」
SN.35.127/(4). Bhāradvājasuttaṃ
   127. Ekaṃ samayaṃ āyasmā piṇḍolabhāradvājo kosambiyaṃ viharati ghositārāme. Atha kho rājā udeno yenāyasmā piṇḍolabhāradvājo tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā āyasmatā piṇḍolabhāradvājena saddhiṃ sammodi. Sammodanīyaṃ kathaṃ sāraṇīyaṃ vītisāretvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho rājā udeno āyasmantaṃ piṇḍolabhāradvājaṃ etadavoca – “ko nu kho, bho bhāradvāja, hetu ko paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā bhadrena yobbanena samannāgatā paṭhamena vayasā anikīḷitāvino kāmesu yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caranti, addhānañca āpādentī”ti? “Vuttaṃ kho etaṃ, mahārāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena– ‘etha tumhe, bhikkhave, mātumattīsu mātucittaṃ upaṭṭhapetha, bhaginimattīsu bhaginicittaṃ upaṭṭhapetha, dhītumattīsu dhītucittaṃ upaṭṭhapethā’ti. Ayaṃ kho, mahārāja, hetu, ayaṃ paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā bhadrena yobbanena samannāgatā paṭhamena vayasā anikīḷitāvino kāmesu yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caranti, addhānañca āpādentī”ti.
   “Lolaṃ kho, bho bhāradvāja, cittaṃ. Appekadā mātumattīsupi lobhadhammā uppajjanti, bhaginimattīsupi lobhadhammā uppajjanti, dhītumattīsupi lobhadhammā uppajjanti. Atthi nu kho, bho bhāradvāja, añño ca hetu, añño ca paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā …pe… addhānañca āpādentī”ti?
   “Vuttaṃ kho etaṃ, mahārāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena– ‘etha tumhe, bhikkhave, imameva kāyaṃ uddhaṃ pādatalā adho kesamatthakā tacapariyantaṃ pūraṃ nānappakārassa asucino paccavekkhatha– atthi imasmiṃ kāye kesā lomā nakhā dantā taco maṃsaṃ nhāru aṭṭhi aṭṭhimiñjaṃ vakkaṃ hadayaṃ yakanaṃ kilomakaṃ pihakaṃ papphāsaṃ antaṃ antaguṇaṃ udariyaṃ karīsaṃ pittaṃ semhaṃ pubbo lohitaṃ sedo medo assu vasā kheḷo siṅghāṇikā lasikā muttan’ti. Ayampi kho, mahārāja, hetu, ayaṃ paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā …pe… addhānañca āpādentī”ti. “Ye te, bho bhāradvāja, bhikkhū bhāvitakāyā bhāvitasīlā bhāvitacittā bhāvitapaññā, tesaṃ taṃ sukaraṃ hoti. Ye ca kho te bho bhāradvāja, bhikkhū abhāvitakāyā abhāvitasīlā abhāvitacittā abhāvitapaññā, tesaṃ taṃ dukkaraṃ hoti. Appekadā, bho bhāradvāja, asubhato manasi karissāmīti subhatova āgacchati. Atthi nu kho, bho bhāradvāja añño ca kho hetu añño ca paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā …pe… addhānañca āpādentī”ti?
   “Vuttaṃ kho etaṃ, mahārāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena– ‘etha tumhe, bhikkhave, indriyesu guttadvārā viharatha. Cakkhunā rūpaṃ disvā mā nimittaggāhino ahuvattha, mānubyañjanaggāhino. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ cakkhundriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjatha. Rakkhatha cakkhundriyaṃ; cakkhundriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjatha. Sotena saddaṃ sutvā …pe… ghānena gandhaṃ ghāyitvā… jivhāya rasaṃ sāyitvā… kāyena phoṭṭhabbaṃ phusitvā… manasā dhammaṃ viññāya mā nimittaggāhino ahuvattha, mānubyañjanaggāhino. Yatvādhikaraṇamenaṃ manindriyaṃ asaṃvutaṃ viharantaṃ abhijjhādomanassā pāpakā akusalā dhammā anvāssaveyyuṃ, tassa saṃvarāya paṭipajjatha Rakkhatha manindriyaṃ; manindriye saṃvaraṃ āpajjathā’ti. Ayampi kho, mahārāja, hetu ayaṃ paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā bhadrena yobbanena samannāgatā paṭhamena vayasā anikīḷitāvino kāmesu yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caranti, addhānañca āpādentī”ti.
   “Acchariyaṃ, bho bhāradvāja; abbhutaṃ, bho bhāradvāja! Yāva subhāsitaṃ cidaṃ, bho bhāradvāja, tena bhagavatā jānatā passatā arahatā sammāsambuddhena. Esova kho, bho bhāradvāja, hetu, esa paccayo yenime daharā bhikkhū susū kāḷakesā bhadrena yobbanena samannāgatā paṭhamena vayasā anikīḷitāvino kāmesu yāvajīvaṃ paripuṇṇaṃ parisuddhaṃ brahmacariyaṃ caranti, addhānañca āpādentīti. Ahampi kho, bho bhāradvāja, yasmiṃ samaye arakkhiteneva kāyena, arakkhitāya vācāya, arakkhitena cittena, anupaṭṭhitāya satiyā, asaṃvutehi indriyehi antepuraṃ pavisāmi, ativiya maṃ tasmiṃ samaye lobhadhammā parisahanti. Yasmiñca khvāhaṃ, bho bhāradvāja, samaye rakkhiteneva kāyena, rakkhitāya vācāya, rakkhitena cittena, upaṭṭhitāya satiyā saṃvutehi indriyehi antepuraṃ pavisāmi, na maṃ tathā tasmiṃ samaye lobhadhammā parisahanti. Abhikkantaṃ, bho bhāradvāja; abhikkantaṃ, bho bhāradvāja! Seyyathāpi bho bhāradvāja, nikkujjitaṃ vā ukkujjeyya paṭicchannaṃ vā vivareyya, mūḷhassa vā maggaṃ ācikkheyya, andhakāre vā telapajjotaṃ dhāreyya, cakkhumanto rūpāni dakkhantīti; evamevaṃ bhotā bhāradvājena anekapariyāyena dhammo pakāsito. Esāhaṃ, bho bhāradvāja, taṃ bhagavantaṃ saraṇaṃ gacchāmi, dhammañca, bhikkhusaṅghañca. Upāsakaṃ maṃ bhavaṃ bhāradvājo dhāretu ajjatagge pāṇupetaṃ saraṇaṃ gatan”ti. Catutthaṃ.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):
  「優陀延那(SA.1165)」,南傳作「優填那王」(rājā udeno),菩提比丘長老解說他是「憍賞彌」(Kosambī,另譯為「憍賞彌」)國國王。
  「人心飄疾(SA.1165)」,南傳作「心是搖動的」(Lolaṃ…cittaṃ,另譯為「心是不確定的(動貪的)」),菩提比丘長老英譯為「心是淫亂的;心是放肆的」(The mind is wanton)。
  「身未修習」(abhāvitakāyā),菩提比丘長老英譯為「在身上未開發」(undeveloped in body)。按:《顯揚真義》說,「身未修習」指「五門身未修習」(abhāvitapañcadvārikakāyā),長老說,也就是缺乏感官的自制(根自制;根律儀)。