經號:   
   (中部10經 更新)
中部10經/念住大經(根本法門品[1])(莊春江譯)[MA.98, AA.12.1]
  被我這麼聽聞
  有一次世尊住在俱盧國,名叫葛馬沙達馬的俱盧國城鎮。
  在那裡,世尊召喚比丘們:「比丘們!」
  「尊師!」那些比丘回答世尊。
  世尊說這個:
總說
  「比丘們!為了眾生的清淨、為了愁悲的超越、為了苦憂的滅沒、為了方法的獲得、為了涅槃的作證,這是無岔路之道,即:四念住,哪四個呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘住於在身上隨觀著身:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在諸受上隨觀著受:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在心上隨觀著心:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在諸法上隨觀著法:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後。
  總說終了。(106)
身的隨觀‧入出息
  比丘們!而比丘怎樣住於在身上隨觀著身呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘到林野,或到樹下,或到空屋,坐下,盤腿、定置端直的身體、建立面前的念後他只具念地吸氣、只具念地呼氣:當吸氣長時,知道:『我吸氣長。』或當呼氣長時,知道:『我呼氣長。』當吸氣短時,知道:『我吸氣短。』或當呼氣短時,知道:『我呼氣短。』學習:『經驗著一切身,我將吸氣。』學習:『經驗著一切身,我將呼氣。』學習:『使身行寧靜著,我將吸氣。』學習:『使身行寧靜著,我將呼氣。』比丘們!猶如熟練的絞車工或絞車工的徒弟,當拉長的時,知道:『我拉長的。』當拉短的時,知道:『我拉短的。』同樣的,比丘們!比丘當吸氣長時,知道:『我吸氣長。』或當呼氣長時,知道:『我呼氣長。』當吸氣短時,知道:『我吸氣短。』或當呼氣短時,知道:『我呼氣短。』學習:『經驗著一切身,我將吸氣。』學習:『經驗著一切身,我將呼氣。』學習:『使身行寧靜著,我將吸氣。』學習:『使身行寧靜著,我將呼氣。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身,或住於在外部的身上隨觀著身,或住於在內外的身上隨觀著身,或住於在身上隨觀著集法,或住於在身上隨觀著消散法,或住於在身上隨觀著集、消散法,又或『有身體』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  入出息節終了。(107)
身的隨觀‧舉止行為節
  再者,比丘們!比丘當行走時,知道:『我行走。』或當站立時,知道:『我站立。』或當坐下時,知道:『我坐下。』或當躺著時,知道:『我躺著。』又或一一如身體被定置的那樣知道它。像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身,或住於在外部的身上隨觀著身,或住於在內外的身上隨觀著身,或住於在身上隨觀集法,或住於在身上隨觀消散法,或住於在身上隨觀著集、消散法,又或『有身體』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  舉止行為節終了。(108)
身的隨觀‧正知節
  再者,比丘們!比丘在前進後退時是正知的行為者;在前視後視時是正知的行為者;在[肢體]屈伸時是正知的行為者;在大衣、鉢、衣服的受持時是正知的行為者;在飲、食、嚼、嚐時是正知的行為者;在大小便動作時是正知的行為者;在行、住、坐、臥、清醒、語、默狀態時是正知的行為者。像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  正知節終了。(109)
身的隨觀‧厭逆作意節
  再者,比丘們!比丘就這個身體從腳掌之上,從髮梢之下,皮膚為邊界,種種種類的不淨充滿的,省察:『在這個身體中有頭髮、體毛、指甲、牙齒、皮膚、肌肉、筋腱、骨骼、骨髓、腎臟、心臟、肝臟、肋膜、脾臟、肺臟、腸子、腸間膜、胃、糞便、膽汁、痰、膿、血、汗、脂肪、眼淚、油脂、唾液、鼻涕、關節液、尿。』比丘們!猶如兩端開口的袋子有種種穀物充滿的,即:山米(粳米)、紅米、綠豆,豌豆,胡麻,白米,有眼的男子釋出後省察它:『這些是山米,這些是紅米,這些是綠豆,這些是豌豆,這些是胡麻,這些是白米。』同樣的,比丘們!比丘就這個身體從腳掌之上,從髮梢之下,皮膚為邊界,種種種類的不淨充滿的,省察:『在這個身體中有頭髮、體毛……(中略)尿。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  厭逆作意節終了。(110)
身的隨觀‧界作意節
  再者,比丘們!比丘就這個身體如住立的、如定置的從界省察:『在這身體中有地界、水界、火界、風界。』比丘們!猶如熟練的屠牛夫或屠牛夫的徒弟,殺牛後,一片一片地分解後,坐在大的十字路口。同樣的,比丘們!比丘就這個身體如住立的、如定置的從界省察:『在這身體中有地界、水界、火界、風界。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  界作意節終了。(111)
身的隨觀‧九墓地節
  再者,比丘們!猶如比丘看見被捨棄在墓地的遺骸:已死一天,或已死二天,或已死三天,腫脹的、青瘀的、生膿爛的,他就這個身比較:『這個身體也有這樣的法,將成為這樣的,未超越這樣的。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  再者,比丘們!猶如比丘看見被捨棄在墓地的遺骸:被烏鴉吃著,或被鷹吃著,或被禿鷹吃著,或被蒼鷺吃著,或被狗吃著,或被虎吃著,或被豹吃著,或被狐狼吃著,或被許多種生出的蟲吃著,他就這個身比較:『這個身體也有這樣的法,將成為這樣的,未超越這樣的。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  再者,比丘們!猶如比丘看見被捨棄在墓地的遺骸:有血肉的、連結筋的骨鎖……(中略)無肉染血的、連結筋的骨鎖……(中略)離血肉的、連結筋的骨鎖……(中略)離連結的、四面八方散亂的骸骨:手骨一處,腳骨一處,腳踝骨一處,小腿骨一處,大腿骨一處,腰骨一處,肋骨一處,脊椎骨一處,肩骨一處,頸骨一處,顎骨一處,齒骨一處,頭蓋骨一處,他就這個身比較:『這個身體也有這樣的法,將成為這樣的,未超越這樣的。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身……(中略)比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  再者,比丘們!猶如比丘看見被捨棄在墓地的遺骸:類似螺貝顏色的白骨……(中略)堆積過一年的骨骸……(中略)腐敗變成粉末的骨骸,他就這個身比較:『這個身體也有這樣的法,將成為這樣的,未超越這樣的。』像這樣,住於在自身內的身上隨觀著身,或住於在外部的身上隨觀著身,或住於在內外的身上隨觀著身,或住於在身上隨觀集法,或住於在身上隨觀消散法,或住於在身上隨觀著集、消散法,又或『有身體』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘也這樣住於在身上隨觀著身。
  九墓地節終了。
  十四身的隨觀終了。(112)
受的隨觀
  比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣住於在諸受上隨觀著受呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘當感受樂受時,知道:『我感受樂受。』或當感受苦受時,知道:『我感受苦受。』或當感受不苦不樂受時,知道:『我感受不苦不樂受。』或當感受肉體的樂受時,知道:『我感受肉體的樂受。』或當感受精神的樂受時,知道:『我感受精神的樂受。』或當感受肉體的苦受時,知道:『我感受肉體的苦受。』或當感受精神的苦受時,知道:『我感受精神的苦受。』或當感受肉體的不苦不樂受時,知道:『我感受肉體的不苦不樂受。』或當感受精神的不苦不樂受時,知道:『我感受精神的不苦不樂受。』像這樣,住於在自身內的受上隨觀著受,或住於在外部的諸受上隨觀著受,或住於在內外的諸受上隨觀著受,或住於在受上隨觀集法,或住於在受上隨觀消散法,或住於在受上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有受』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於在諸受上隨觀著受。
  受的隨觀終了。(113)
心的隨觀
  比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣住於在心上隨觀著心呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘知道『有貪的心』為有貪的心,或知道『離貪的心』為離貪的心,或知道『有瞋的心』為有瞋的心,或知道『離瞋的心』為離瞋的心,或知道『有癡的心』為有癡的心,或知道『離癡的心』為離癡的心,或知道『收斂的心』為收斂的心,知道『散亂的心』為散亂的心,或知道『廣大的心』為廣大的心,或知道『不廣大的心』為不廣大的心,或知道『有更上的心』為有更上的心,或知道『無更上的心』為無更上的心,或知道『得定的心』為得定的心,或知道『未得定的心』為未得定的心,或知道『已解脫的心』為已解脫的心,或知道『未解脫的心』為未解脫的心。像這樣,住於在自身內的心上隨觀著心,或住於在外部的心上隨觀著心,或住於在內外的心上隨觀著心,或住於在心上隨觀集法,或住於在心上隨觀消散法,或住於在心上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有心』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於在心上隨觀著心。
  心的隨觀終了。(114)
法的隨觀‧蓋節
  比丘們!而比丘怎樣住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?比丘們!這裡,比丘在五蓋上住於在諸法上隨觀著法。比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣在五蓋上住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?
  比丘們!這裡,比丘當有自身內的欲的意欲時,知道:『我有自身內的欲的意欲。』或當沒有自身內的欲的意欲時,知道:『我沒有自身內的欲的意欲。』如未生起欲的意欲的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起欲的意欲的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷欲的意欲的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的惡意時,知道:『我有自身內的惡意。』或當沒有自身內的惡意時,知道:『我沒有自身內的惡意。』如未生起惡意的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起惡意的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷惡意的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的惛沈睡眠時,知道:『我有自身內的惛沈睡眠。』或當沒有自身內的惛沈睡眠時,知道:『我沒有自身內的惛沈睡眠。』如未生起惛沈睡眠的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起惛沈睡眠的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷惛沈睡眠的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的掉舉後悔時,知道:『我有自身內的掉舉後悔。』或當沒有自身內的掉舉後悔時,知道:『我沒有自身內的掉舉後悔。』如未生起掉舉後悔的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起掉舉後悔的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷掉舉後悔的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的疑時,知道:『我有自身內的疑。』或當沒有自身內的疑時,知道:『我沒有自身內的疑。』如未生起疑的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起疑的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷疑的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  像這樣,住於在自身內的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在外部的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在內外的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在法上隨觀集法,或住於在法上隨觀消散法,或住於在法上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有法』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於對五蓋在諸法上隨觀著法。
  蓋節終了。(115)
法的隨觀‧蘊節
  再者,比丘們!比丘在五取蘊上住於在諸法上隨觀著法。比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣在五取蘊上住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?這裡,比丘:『像這樣是色,像這樣是色的集起,像這樣是色的滅沒;像這樣是受,像這樣是受的集起,像這樣是受的滅沒;像這樣是想,像這樣是想的集起,像這樣是想的滅沒;像這樣是諸行,像這樣是諸行的集起,像這樣是諸行的滅沒;像這樣是識,像這樣是識的集起,像這樣是識的滅沒。』
  像這樣,住於在自身內的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在外部的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在內外的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在法上隨觀集法,或住於在法上隨觀消散法,或住於在法上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有法』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於對五取蘊在諸法上隨觀著法。
  蘊節終了。(116)
法的隨觀‧處節
  再者,比丘們!比丘在六內外處上住於在諸法上隨觀著法。比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣在六內外處上住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?
  這裡,比丘知道眼,與知道諸色,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  知道耳,與知道諸聲音,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  知道鼻,與知道諸氣味,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  知道舌,與知道諸味道,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  知道身,與知道諸所觸,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  知道意,與知道諸法,以及知道緣於這兩者生起的結縛,如未生起結縛的生起存在,知道它,與如已生起結縛的捨斷存在,知道它,以及已捨斷結縛的未來不生起存在,知道它。
  像這樣,住於在自身內的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在外部的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在內外的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在法上隨觀集法,或住於在法上隨觀消散法,或住於在法上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有法』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於對六內外處在諸法上隨觀著法。
  處節終了。(117)
法的隨觀‧覺支節
  再者,比丘們!比丘在七覺支上住於在諸法上隨觀著法。比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣在七覺支上住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?這裡,比丘當有自身內的念覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的念覺支。』或當沒有自身內的念覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的念覺支。』如未生起念覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起念覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的擇法覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的擇法覺支。』或當沒有自身內的擇法覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的擇法覺支。』如未生起擇法覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起擇法覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的活力覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的活力覺支。』或當沒有自身內的活力覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的活力覺支。』如未生起活力覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起活力覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的喜覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的喜覺支。』或當沒有自身內的喜覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的喜覺支。』如未生起喜覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起喜覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的寧靜覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的寧靜覺支。』或當沒有自身內的寧靜覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的寧靜覺支。』如未生起寧靜覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起寧靜覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的定覺支。』或當沒有自身內的定覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的定覺支。』如未生起定覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起定覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  或當有自身內的平靜覺支時,知道:『我有自身內的平靜覺支。』或當沒有自身內的平靜覺支時,知道:『我沒有自身內的平靜覺支。』如未生起平靜覺支的生起存在,知道它,如已生起平靜覺支修習的圓滿存在,知道它。
  像這樣,住於在自身內的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在外部的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在內外的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在法上隨觀集法,或住於在法上隨觀消散法,或住於在法上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有法』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於對七覺支在諸法上隨觀著法。
  覺支節終了。(118)
法的隨觀‧諦節
  再者,比丘們!比丘在四聖諦上住於在諸法上隨觀著法。比丘們!還有,比丘怎樣在四聖諦上住於在諸法上隨觀著法呢?這裡,比丘如實知道:『這是苦。』如實知道:『這是苦。』如實知道:『這是苦。』如實知道:『這是導向苦滅道跡。』
  初誦分終了。(119)
苦諦的說明
  比丘們!而什麼是苦聖諦呢?生是苦,老也是苦,死也是苦,愁、悲、苦、憂、絕望也是苦,與不愛的結合也是苦,與所愛的別離也是苦,凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。以簡要:五取蘊是苦。(120)
  比丘們!而什麼是生呢?凡所有眾生中,在每一種眾生類上的生、出生、進入[胎]、生起、生出、諸蘊的顯現、諸處的獲得,比丘們!這被稱為生。(121)
  比丘們!而什麼是老?凡所有眾生中,在每一種眾生類上的老、老衰、齒落、髮白、皮皺、壽命的衰退、諸根的退化,這被稱為老。(122)
  比丘們!而什麼是死?凡所有眾生中,由於每一種眾生類的過世、滅亡、崩解、消失、死亡、壽終、諸蘊的崩解、屍體的捨棄、命根斷絕,學友們!這被稱為死。像這樣,這個老與這個死,學友們!這被稱為老死。[SN.12.2](123)
  比丘們!而什麼是愁?比丘們!凡具備(遭遇)某些不幸、接觸某些苦法者有愁、憂愁、憂愁的狀態、內部的愁、內部的遍愁,比丘們!這被稱為愁。(124)
  比丘們!而什麼是悲?比丘們!凡具備某些不幸、接觸某些苦法者有悲歎、悲、哭泣、悲泣、悲歎的狀態、悲泣的狀態,比丘們!這被稱為悲。(125)
  比丘們!而什麼是苦?比丘們!凡身體的苦、身體的不合意,身觸所生的不合意苦被感受,比丘們!這被稱為苦。(126)
  比丘們!而什麼是憂?比丘們!凡心的苦、心的不合意,意觸所生的不合意苦被感受,比丘們!這被稱為憂。(127)
  比丘們!而什麼是絕望?比丘們!凡具備某些不幸、接觸某些苦法者的憂惱、絕望、憂惱的狀態、絕望的狀態,比丘們!這被稱為絕望。(128)
  比丘們!而什麼是與不愛的結合也是苦?這裡,凡那些是不想要的、不愉快的、不合意的色、聲、氣味、味道、所觸、法,又或凡那些是對他想要無利益、想要不利、想要不安樂、想要不軛安穩者,凡與那些成為一起會合、聚集、集合、混合狀態,比丘們!這被稱為與不愛的結合是苦。(129)
  比丘們!而什麼是與所愛的別離也是苦?這裡,凡那些是想要的、愉快的、合意的色、聲、氣味、味道、所觸、法,又或凡那些是對他想要利益、想要有利益、想要安樂、想要軛安的母親、父親、兄弟、姊妹、朋友、同事、親族、血親者,凡與那些成為一起不會合、不聚集、不集合、不混合狀態,比丘們!這被稱為與所愛的別離是苦。(130)
  比丘們!而什麼是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦?比丘們!生法的眾生這樣的欲求生起:『啊!願我們是非生法!願我們的生不到來!』但這不能被想要得到。這是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。比丘們!老法的眾生這樣的欲求生起:『啊!願我們是非老法!願我們的老不到來!』但這不能被想要得到。這也是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。比丘們!病法的眾生這樣的欲求生起:『啊!願我們是非病法!願我們的病不到來!』但這不能被想要得到。這也是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。比丘們!死法的眾生這樣的欲求生起:『啊!願我們是非死法!願我們的死不到來!』但這不能被想要得到。這也是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。比丘們!愁、悲、苦、憂、絕望法的眾生這樣的欲求生起:『啊!願我們沒有愁、悲、苦、憂、絕望法!願我們的愁、悲、苦、憂、絕望法不來!』但這不能被想要得到。這也是凡得不到想要的,那也是苦。(131)
  比丘們!而什麼是總括之,五取蘊是苦?即:色取蘊、受取蘊、想取蘊、行取蘊、識取蘊,比丘們!這些被稱為總括之,五取蘊是苦。
  比丘們!這被稱為苦聖諦。(132)
集諦的說明
  比丘們!而什麼是苦集聖諦?凡這個導致再生的、與歡喜及貪俱行的、到處歡喜的渴愛,即:欲的渴愛、有的渴愛、虛無的渴愛
  比丘們!而這個渴愛它當生起時,在哪裡生起呢?當安頓時,在哪裡安頓呢?凡世間中可的愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  而什麼是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色呢?眼是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓;耳是世間中……(中略)鼻是世間中……舌是世間中……身是世間中……意是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓[SN.12.66]。
  諸色是世間中……諸聲是世間中……諸氣味是世間中……諸味道是世間中……諸所觸是世間中……諸法是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  眼識是世間中……耳識是世間中……鼻識是世間中……舌識是世間中……身識是世間中……意識是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  眼觸是世間中……耳觸是世間中……鼻觸是世間中……舌觸是世間中……身觸是世間中……意觸是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  眼觸所生受是世間中……耳觸所生受是世間中……鼻觸所生受是世間中……舌觸所生受是世間中……身觸所生受是世間中……意觸所生受是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  色之想是世間中……聲之想是世間中……氣味之想是世間中……味道之想是世間中……所觸之想是世間中……法之想是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  色之思是世間中……聲之思是世間中……氣味之思是世間中……味道之思是世間中……所觸之思是世間中……法之思是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  色之渴愛是世間中……聲之渴愛是世間中……氣味之渴愛是世間中……味道之渴愛是世間中……所觸之渴愛是在間中……法之渴愛是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  色之尋是世間中……聲之尋是世間中……氣味之尋是世間中……味道之尋是世間中……所觸之尋是世間中……法之尋是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  色之伺是世間中……聲之伺是世間中……氣味之伺是世間中……味道之伺是世間中……所觸之伺是世間中……法之伺是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當生起時,在哪裡生起,當安頓時,在哪裡安頓。
  比丘們!這被稱為苦集聖諦。(133)
滅諦的說明
  比丘們!而什麼是苦滅聖諦?就是那個渴愛的無餘褪去與滅、捨棄、斷念、解脫、無阿賴耶
  比丘們!而這個渴愛它當被捨斷時,在哪裡被捨斷呢?當被滅時,在哪裡被滅呢?凡世間中可的愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  而什麼是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色呢?眼是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅;耳是世間中……(中略)鼻是世間中……舌是世間中……身是世間中……意是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  諸色是世間中……諸聲是世間中……諸氣味是世間中……諸味道是世間中……諸所觸是世間中……諸法是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  眼識是世間中……耳識是世間中……鼻識是世間中……舌識是世間中……身識是世間中……意識是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  眼觸是世間中……耳觸是世間中……鼻觸是世間中……舌觸是世間中……身觸是世間中……意觸是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  眼觸所生受是世間中……耳觸所生受是世間中……鼻觸所生受是世間中……舌觸所生受是世間中……身觸所生受是世間中……意觸所生受是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  色之想是世間中……聲之想是世間中……氣味之想是世間中……味道之想是世間中……所觸之想是世間中……法之想是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。色之思是世間中……聲之思是世間中……氣味之思是世間中……味道之思是世間中……所觸之思是世間中……法之思是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  色之渴愛是世間中……聲之渴愛是世間中……氣味之渴愛是世間中……味道之渴愛是世間中……所觸之渴愛是在間中……法之渴愛是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  色之尋是世間中……聲之尋是世間中……氣味之尋是世間中……味道之尋是世間中……所觸之尋是世間中……法之尋是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  色之伺是世間中……聲之伺是世間中……氣味之伺是世間中……味道之伺是世間中……所觸之伺是世間中……法之伺是世間中的可愛形色、合意形色,這個渴愛當被捨斷時,在這裡被捨斷,當被滅時,在這裡被滅。
  比丘們!這被稱為苦滅聖諦。(134)
道諦的說明
  比丘們!而什麼是導向苦滅道跡聖諦?就是這八支聖道;即:正見、正志、正語、正業、正命、正精進、正念、正定。
  比丘們!而什麼是正見?比丘們!凡在苦上之智,在苦集上之智,在苦滅上之智,在導向苦滅道跡上之智,比丘們!這被稱為正見。
  比丘們!而什麼是正志?離欲的意向無惡意的意向無加害的意向,比丘們!這被稱為正志。
  比丘們!而什麼是正語?妄語的戒絕、離間語的戒絕、粗惡語的戒絕、雜穢語的戒絕,比丘們!這被稱為正語。
  比丘們!而什麼是正業?殺生的戒絕、未給予而取的戒絕、邪淫的戒絕,比丘們!這被稱為正業。
  比丘們!而什麼是正命?比丘們!這裡,聖弟子捨斷邪命後,以正命營生,比丘們!這被稱為正命。
  比丘們!而什麼是正精進?比丘們!這裡,比丘為了未生起的惡不善法之不生起使意欲生起,努力,發動活力,盡心,勤奮;為了已生起的惡不善法之捨斷使意欲生起,努力,發動活力,盡心,勤奮;為了未生起的善法之生起使意欲生起,努力,發動活力,盡心,勤奮;為了已生起的善法之存續、不忘失、增大、成滿、修習圓滿使意欲生起,努力,發動活力,盡心,勤奮,比丘們!這被稱為正精進。
  比丘們!而什麼是正念?比丘們!這裡,比丘住於在身上隨觀著身:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在諸受上隨觀著受:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在心上隨觀著心:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後;住於在諸法上隨觀著法:熱心的、正知的、有念的,調伏世間中的貪婪、憂後,比丘們!這被稱為正念。
  比丘們!而什麼是正定?比丘們!這裡,比丘就從離欲後,離不善法後,進入後住於有尋、有伺離而生喜、樂的初禪;從尋與伺的平息,自身內的明淨心的專一性,進入後住於無尋、無伺,定而生喜、樂的第二禪;從喜的褪去、住於平靜、有念正知、以身體感受樂,進入後住於這聖弟子宣說:『他是平靜、具念、住於樂者』的第三禪;從樂的捨斷與從苦的捨斷,之前諸喜悅、憂的滅沒,進入後住於不苦不樂,由平靜而念遍淨的第四禪,比丘們!這被稱為正定。
  比丘們!這被稱為導向苦滅道跡聖諦。(135)
  像這樣,住於在自身內的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在外部的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在內外的諸法上隨觀著法,或住於在法上隨觀集法,或住於在法上隨觀消散法,或住於在法上隨觀集法與消散法,又或『有法』,他的念被現起,最多為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的,住於無依止的,以及不執取世間中任何事物。比丘們!比丘這樣住於對四聖諦在諸法上隨觀著法。
  諦節終了。
  法的隨觀終了。(136)
  比丘們!凡如果任何人在這四念住上這麼修習七年,他的二果其中之一果能被預期:當生完全智,或在存在有餘依時,為阿那含位。
  比丘們!別理會七年,比丘們!凡如果任何人在這四念住上這麼修習六年……(中略)五年……四年……三年……二年……一年……比丘們!別理會一年,比丘們!凡如果任何人在這四念住上這麼修習七個月,他的二果其中之一果能被預期:當生完全智,或在存在有餘依時,為阿那含位。比丘們!別理會七個月,比丘們!凡如果任何人在這四念住上這麼修習六個月……(中略)五個月……四個月……三個月……二個月……一個月……半個月……比丘們!別理會半個月,比丘們!凡如果任何人在這四念住上這麼修習七天,他的二果其中之一果能被預期:當生完全智,或在存在有餘依時,為阿那含位。(137)
  『比丘們!為了眾生的清淨、為了愁悲的超越、為了苦憂的滅沒、為了方法的獲得、為了涅槃的作證,這是無岔路之道,即:四念住。』像這樣凡它被說,這緣於這個被說。」
  世尊說這個,那些悅意的比丘歡喜世尊的所說。
  念住大經第十終了。[DN.22](138)
  根本法門品第一終了,其攝頌
  根本、善自制、法之繼承人,害怕、無穢、希望、衣服,
  削減、正見、念住,殊勝的、無等同的品已善完成。
MN.10/(10) Mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ
   105. Evaṃ me sutaṃ– ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā kurūsu viharati kammāsadhammaṃ nāma kurūnaṃ nigamo. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca–
   Uddeso
   106. “Ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo sattānaṃ visuddhiyā, sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāya, dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya, ñāyassa adhigamāya, nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya, yadidaṃ cattāro satipaṭṭhānā.
   “Katame cattāro? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā, vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ.
   Uddeso niṭṭhito.
   Kāyānupassanā ānāpānapabbaṃ
   107. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu araññagato vā rukkhamūlagato vā suññāgāragato vā nisīdati, pallaṅkaṃ ābhujitvā, ujuṃ kāyaṃ paṇidhāya, parimukhaṃ satiṃ upaṭṭhapetvā. So satova assasati, satova passasati. Dīghaṃ vā assasanto ‘dīghaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, dīghaṃ vā passasanto ‘dīghaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā assasanto ‘rassaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto ‘rassaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti, ‘sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmī’ti sikkhati.
   “Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, dakkho bhamakāro vā bhamakārantevāsī vā dīghaṃ vā añchanto ‘dīghaṃ añchāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā añchanto ‘rassaṃ añchāmī’ti pajānāti; evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dīghaṃ vā assasanto ‘dīghaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, dīghaṃ vā passasanto ‘dīghaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā assasanto ‘rassaṃ assasāmī’ti pajānāti, rassaṃ vā passasanto ‘rassaṃ passasāmī’ti pajānāti; ‘sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘sabbakāyapaṭisaṃvedī passasissāmī’ti sikkhati; ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ assasissāmī’ti sikkhati, ‘passambhayaṃ kāyasaṅkhāraṃ passasissāmī’ti sikkhati. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. ‘Atthi kāyo’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Ānāpānapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Kāyānupassanā iriyāpathapabbaṃ
   108. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu gacchanto vā ‘gacchāmī’ti pajānāti, ṭhito vā ‘ṭhitomhī’ti pajānāti, nisinno vā ‘nisinnomhī’ti pajānāti, sayāno vā ‘sayānomhī’ti pajānāti. Yathā yathā vā panassa kāyo paṇihito hoti tathā tathā naṃ pajānāti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. ‘Atthi kāyo’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Iriyāpathapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Kāyānupassanā sampajānapabbaṃ
   109. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu abhikkante paṭikkante sampajānakārī hoti, ālokite vilokite sampajānakārī hoti, samiñjite pasārite sampajānakārī hoti, saṅghāṭipattacīvaradhāraṇe sampajānakārī hoti, asite pīte khāyite sāyite sampajānakārī hoti, uccārapassāvakamme sampajānakārī hoti, gate ṭhite nisinne sutte jāgarite bhāsite tuṇhībhāve sampajānakārī hoti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Sampajānapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Kāyānupassanā paṭikūlamanasikārapabbaṃ
   110. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ uddhaṃ pādatalā, adho kesamatthakā, tacapariyantaṃ pūraṃ nānappakārassa asucino paccavekkhati– ‘atthi imasmiṃ kāye kesā lomā nakhā dantā taco maṃsaṃ nhāru aṭṭhi aṭṭhimiñjaṃ vakkaṃ hadayaṃ yakanaṃ kilomakaṃ pihakaṃ papphāsaṃ antaṃ antaguṇaṃ udariyaṃ karīsaṃ pittaṃ semhaṃ pubbo lohitaṃ sedo medo assu vasā kheḷo siṅghāṇikā lasikā muttan’ti.
   “Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, ubhatomukhā putoḷi pūrā nānāvihitassa dhaññassa, seyyathidaṃ– sālīnaṃ vīhīnaṃ muggānaṃ māsānaṃ tilānaṃ taṇḍulānaṃ. Tamenaṃ cakkhumā puriso muñcitvā paccavekkheyya– ‘ime sālī ime vīhī ime muggā ime māsā ime tilā ime taṇḍulā’ti. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ uddhaṃ pādatalā, adho kesamatthakā, tacapariyantaṃ pūraṃ nānappakārassa asucino paccavekkhati– ‘atthi imasmiṃ kāye kesā lomā …pe… muttan’ti.
   “Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Paṭikūlamanasikārapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Kāyānupassanā dhātumanasikārapabbaṃ
   111. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ dhātuso paccavekkhati– ‘atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātu āpodhātu tejodhātu vāyodhātū’ti.
   “Seyyathāpi bhikkhave, dakkho goghātako vā goghātakantevāsī vā gāviṃ vadhitvā catumahāpathe bilaso vibhajitvā nisinno assa. Evameva kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu imameva kāyaṃ yathāṭhitaṃ yathāpaṇihitaṃ dhātuso paccavekkhati– ‘atthi imasmiṃ kāye pathavīdhātu āpodhātu tejodhātu vāyodhātū’ti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Dhātumanasikārapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Kāyānupassanā navasivathikapabbaṃ
   112. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ ekāhamataṃ vā dvīhamataṃ vā tīhamataṃ vā uddhumātakaṃ vinīlakaṃ vipubbakajātaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati– ‘ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃ-anatīto’ti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ kākehi vā khajjamānaṃ kulalehi vā khajjamānaṃ gijjhehi vā khajjamānaṃ kaṅkehi vā khajjamānaṃ sunakhehi vā khajjamānaṃ byagghehi vā khajjamānaṃ dīpīhi vā khajjamānaṃ siṅgālehi vā khajjamānaṃ vividhehi vā pāṇakajātehi khajjamānaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati– ‘ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃ-anatīto’ti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ samaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃ …pe… aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ nimaṃsalohitamakkhitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃ …pe… aṭṭhikasaṅkhalikaṃ apagatamaṃsalohitaṃ nhārusambandhaṃ …pe… aṭṭhikāni apagatasambandhāni disā vidisā vikkhittāni, aññena hatthaṭṭhikaṃ aññena pādaṭṭhikaṃ aññena gopphakaṭṭhikaṃ aññena jaṅghaṭṭhikaṃ aññena ūruṭṭhikaṃ aññena kaṭiṭṭhikaṃ aññena phāsukaṭṭhikaṃ aññena piṭṭhiṭṭhikaṃ aññena khandhaṭṭhikaṃ aññena gīvaṭṭhikaṃ aññena hanukaṭṭhikaṃ aññena dantaṭṭhikaṃ aññena sīsakaṭāhaṃ. So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati– ‘ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃ-anatīto’ti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati …pe… evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu seyyathāpi passeyya sarīraṃ sivathikāya chaḍḍitaṃ, aṭṭhikāni setāni saṅkhavaṇṇapaṭibhāgāni …pe… aṭṭhikāni puñjakitāni terovassikāni …pe… aṭṭhikāni pūtīni cuṇṇakajātāni So imameva kāyaṃ upasaṃharati– ‘ayampi kho kāyo evaṃdhammo evaṃbhāvī evaṃ-anatīto’ti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā kāye kāyānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā kāyasmiṃ viharati. ‘Atthi kāyo’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati.
   Navasivathikapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Cuddasakāyānupassanā niṭṭhitā.
   Vedanānupassanā
   113. “Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sukhaṃ vā vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; dukkhaṃ vā vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; adukkhamasukhaṃ vā vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘sāmisaṃ sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘nirāmisaṃ sukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘sāmisaṃ dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘nirāmisaṃ dukkhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; sāmisaṃ vā adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘sāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; nirāmisaṃ vā adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayamāno ‘nirāmisaṃ adukkhamasukhaṃ vedanaṃ vedayāmī’ti pajānāti; iti ajjhattaṃ vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā vedanāsu viharati. ‘Atthi vedanā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati.
   Vedanānupassanā niṭṭhitā.
   Cittānupassanā
   114. “Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu citte cittānupassī viharati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu sarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītarāgaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītarāgaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; sadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītadosaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītadosaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; samohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vītamohaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vītamohaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; saṃkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘saṃkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, vikkhittaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vikkhittaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; mahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘mahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, amahaggataṃ vā cittaṃ ‘amahaggataṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; sa-uttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘sa-uttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, anuttaraṃ vā cittaṃ ‘anuttaraṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; samāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘samāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, asamāhitaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘asamāhitaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti; vimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘vimuttaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti, avimuttaṃ vā cittaṃ ‘avimuttaṃ cittan’ti pajānāti. Iti ajjhattaṃ vā citte cittānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā citte cittānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā citte cittānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā cittasmiṃ viharati. ‘Atthi cittan’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu citte cittānupassī viharati.
   Cittānupassanā niṭṭhitā.
   Dhammānupassanā nīvaraṇapabbaṃ
   115. “Kathañca, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu nīvaraṇesu. Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu nīvaraṇesu?
   “Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ kāmacchando’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ kāmacchandaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ kāmacchando’ti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa kāmacchandassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa kāmacchandassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa kāmacchandassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ byāpādaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ byāpādo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ byāpādaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ byāpādo’ti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa byāpādassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa byāpādassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa byāpādassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhan’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ thīnamiddhan’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa thīnamiddhassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa thīnamiddhassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa thīnamiddhassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccan’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ uddhaccakukkuccan’ti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannassa uddhaccakukkuccassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa uddhaccakukkuccassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa uddhaccakukkuccassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vicikicchaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ vicikicchā’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vicikicchaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ vicikicchā’ti pajānāti; yathā ca anuppannāya vicikicchāya uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannāya vicikicchāya pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnāya vicikicchāya āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. ‘Atthi dhammā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu nīvaraṇesu.
   Nīvaraṇapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Dhammānupassanā khandhapabbaṃ
   116. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu upādānakkhandhesu. Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu upādānakkhandhesu? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu– ‘iti rūpaṃ, iti rūpassa samudayo, iti rūpassa atthaṅgamo; iti vedanā, iti vedanāya samudayo, iti vedanāya atthaṅgamo; iti saññā, iti saññāya samudayo, iti saññāya atthaṅgamo; iti saṅkhārā, iti saṅkhārānaṃ samudayo, iti saṅkhārānaṃ atthaṅgamo; iti viññāṇaṃ, iti viññāṇassa samudayo, iti viññāṇassa atthaṅgamo’ti; iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. ‘Atthi dhammā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati pañcasu upādānakkhandhesu.
   Khandhapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Dhammānupassanā āyatanapabbaṃ
   117. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu. Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu?
   “Idha bhikkhave, bhikkhu cakkhuñca pajānāti, rūpe ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Sotañca pajānāti, sadde ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Ghānañca pajānāti, gandhe ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Jivhañca pajānāti, rase ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Kāyañca pajānāti, phoṭṭhabbe ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Manañca pajānāti, dhamme ca pajānāti, yañca tadubhayaṃ paṭicca uppajjati saṃyojanaṃ tañca pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa saṃyojanassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa saṃyojanassa pahānaṃ hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca pahīnassa saṃyojanassa āyatiṃ anuppādo hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. ‘Atthi dhammā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati chasu ajjhattikabāhiresu āyatanesu.
   Āyatanapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Dhammānupassanā bojjhaṅgapabbaṃ
   118. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu. Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ satisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa satisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa satisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa dhammavicayasambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ vīriyasambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa vīriyasambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ pītisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti yathā ca anuppannassa pītisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa pītisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ passaddhisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa passaddhisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ samādhisambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa samādhisambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa samādhisambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti.
   “Santaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘atthi me ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, asantaṃ vā ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgaṃ ‘natthi me ajjhattaṃ upekkhāsambojjhaṅgo’ti pajānāti, yathā ca anuppannassa upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa uppādo hoti tañca pajānāti, yathā ca uppannassa upekkhāsambojjhaṅgassa bhāvanāya pāripūrī hoti tañca pajānāti
   “Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. ‘Atthi dhammā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati sattasu bojjhaṅgesu.
   Bojjhaṅgapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Dhammānupassanā saccapabbaṃ
   119. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu. Kathañca pana, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu ‘idaṃ dukkhan’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhasamudayo’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodho’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti, ‘ayaṃ dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā’ti yathābhūtaṃ pajānāti.
   Paṭhamabhāṇavāro niṭṭhito.
   Dukkhasaccaniddeso
   120. “Katamañca bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ? Jātipi dukkhā, jarāpi dukkhā, maraṇampi dukkhaṃ, sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsāpi dukkhā, appiyehi sampayogopi dukkho, piyehi vippayogopi dukkho, yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ, saṃkhittena pañcupādānakkhandhā dukkhā.
   121. “Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jāti? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jāti sañjāti okkanti abhinibbatti khandhānaṃ pātubhāvo āyatanānaṃ paṭilābho, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, jāti.
   122. “Katamā ca, bhikkhave, jarā? Yā tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhi tamhi sattanikāye jarā jīraṇatā khaṇḍiccaṃ pāliccaṃ valittacatā āyuno saṃhāni indriyānaṃ paripāko, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, jarā.
   123. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ? Yaṃ tesaṃ tesaṃ sattānaṃ tamhā tamhā sattanikāyā cuti cavanatā bhedo antaradhānaṃ maccu maraṇaṃ kālaṅkiriyā khandhānaṃ bhedo kaḷevarassa nikkhepo jīvitindriyassupacchedo, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, maraṇaṃ.
   124. “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, soko? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa soko socanā socitattaṃ antosoko antoparisoko, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, soko.
   125. “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, paridevo? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa ādevo paridevo ādevanā paridevanā ādevitattaṃ paridevitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, paridevo.
   126. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, kāyikaṃ dukkhaṃ kāyikaṃ asātaṃ kāyasamphassajaṃ dukkhaṃ asātaṃ vedayitaṃ, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ.
   127. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, domanassaṃ? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, cetasikaṃ dukkhaṃ cetasikaṃ asātaṃ manosamphassajaṃ dukkhaṃ asātaṃ vedayitaṃ, idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, domanassaṃ.
   128. “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, upāyāso? Yo kho, bhikkhave, aññataraññatarena byasanena samannāgatassa aññataraññatarena dukkhadhammena phuṭṭhassa āyāso upāyāso āyāsitattaṃ upāyāsitattaṃ, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, upāyāso.
   129. “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho? Idha yassa te honti aniṭṭhā akantā amanāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā, ye vā panassa te honti anatthakāmā ahitakāmā aphāsukakāmā ayogakkhemakāmā, yā tehi saddhiṃ saṅgati samāgamo samodhānaṃ missībhāvo, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, appiyehi sampayogo dukkho.
   130. “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho? Idha yassa te honti iṭṭhā kantā manāpā rūpā saddā gandhā rasā phoṭṭhabbā dhammā, ye vā panassa te honti atthakāmā hitakāmā phāsukakāmā yogakkhemakāmā mātā vā pitā vā bhātā vā bhaginī vā mittā vā amaccā vā ñātisālohitā vā, yā tehi saddhiṃ asaṅgati asamāgamo asamodhānaṃ amissībhāvo, ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, piyehi vippayogo dukkho.
   131. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ? Jātidhammānaṃ, bhikkhave sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati – ‘aho vata mayaṃ na jātidhammā assāma, na ca vata no jāti āgaccheyyā’ti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Jarādhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati– ‘aho vata mayaṃ na jarādhammā assāma, na ca vata no jarā āgaccheyyā’ti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Byādhidhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati– ‘aho vata mayaṃ na byādhidhammā assāma, na ca vata no byādhi āgaccheyyā’ti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Maraṇadhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati– ‘aho vata mayaṃ na maraṇadhammā assāma, na ca vata no maraṇaṃ āgaccheyyā’ti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ. Sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammānaṃ, bhikkhave, sattānaṃ evaṃ icchā uppajjati– ‘aho vata mayaṃ na sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammā assāma, na ca vata no sokaparidevadukkhadomanassupāyāsadhammā āgaccheyyun’ti. Na kho panetaṃ icchāya pattabbaṃ, idampi yampicchaṃ na labhati tampi dukkhaṃ.
   132. “Katame ca, bhikkhave, saṃkhittena pañcupādānakkhandhā dukkhā? Seyyathidaṃ– rūpupādānakkhandho, vedanupādānakkhandho, saññupādānakkhandho , saṅkhārupādānakkhandho, viññāṇupādānakkhandho. Ime vuccanti, bhikkhave, saṃkhittena pañcupādānakkhandhā dukkhā. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.
   Samudayasaccaniddeso
   133. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudayaṃ ariyasaccaṃ? Yāyaṃ taṇhā ponobbhavikā nandīrāgasahagatā tatratatrābhinandinī. Seyyathidaṃ– kāmataṇhā bhavataṇhā vibhavataṇhā.
   “Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha uppajjamānā uppajjati, kattha nivisamānā nivisati? Yaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Kiñca loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ? Cakkhu loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati. Sotaṃ loke …pe… ghānaṃ loke… jivhā loke… kāyo loke… mano loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpā loke… saddā loke… gandhā loke… rasā loke… phoṭṭhabbā loke… dhammā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Cakkhuviññāṇaṃ loke… sotaviññāṇaṃ loke… ghānaviññāṇaṃ loke… jivhāviññāṇaṃ loke… kāyaviññāṇaṃ loke… manoviññāṇaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Cakkhusamphasso loke… sotasamphasso loke… ghānasamphasso loke… jivhāsamphasso loke… kāyasamphasso loke… manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke… sotasamphassajā vedanā loke… ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke… jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke… kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke… manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpasaññā loke… saddasaññā loke… gandhasaññā loke… rasasaññā loke… phoṭṭhabbasaññā loke… dhammasaññā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpasañcetanā loke… saddasañcetanā loke… gandhasañcetanā loke… rasasañcetanā loke… phoṭṭhabbasañcetanā loke… dhammasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpataṇhā loke… saddataṇhā loke… gandhataṇhā loke… rasataṇhā loke… phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke… dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpavitakko loke… saddavitakko loke… gandhavitakko loke… rasavitakko loke… phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke… dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati.
   “Rūpavicāro loke… saddavicāro loke… gandhavicāro loke… rasavicāro loke… phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke… dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā uppajjamānā uppajjati, ettha nivisamānā nivisati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhasamudayaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.
   Nirodhasaccaniddeso
   134. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ? Yo tassāyeva taṇhāya asesavirāganirodho cāgo paṭinissaggo mutti anālayo.
   “Sā kho panesā, bhikkhave, taṇhā kattha pahīyamānā pahīyati, kattha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati? Yaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Kiñca loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ? Cakkhu loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati. Sotaṃ loke …pe… ghānaṃ loke… jivhā loke… kāyo loke… mano loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpā loke… saddā loke… gandhā loke… rasā loke… phoṭṭhabbā loke… dhammā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Cakkhuviññāṇaṃ loke… sotaviññāṇaṃ loke… ghānaviññāṇaṃ loke… jivhāviññāṇaṃ loke… kāyaviññāṇaṃ loke… manoviññāṇaṃ loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Cakkhusamphasso loke… sotasamphasso loke… ghānasamphasso loke… jivhāsamphasso loke… kāyasamphasso loke… manosamphasso loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Cakkhusamphassajā vedanā loke… sotasamphassajā vedanā loke… ghānasamphassajā vedanā loke… jivhāsamphassajā vedanā loke… kāyasamphassajā vedanā loke… manosamphassajā vedanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpasaññā loke… saddasaññā loke… gandhasaññā loke… rasasaññā loke… phoṭṭhabbasaññā loke… dhammasaññā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpasañcetanā loke… saddasañcetanā loke… gandhasañcetanā loke… rasasañcetanā loke… phoṭṭhabbasañcetanā loke… dhammasañcetanā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpataṇhā loke… saddataṇhā loke… gandhataṇhā loke… rasataṇhā loke… phoṭṭhabbataṇhā loke… dhammataṇhā loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpavitakko loke… saddavitakko loke… gandhavitakko loke… rasavitakko loke… phoṭṭhabbavitakko loke… dhammavitakko loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ, etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhamānā nirujjhati.
   “Rūpavicāro loke… saddavicāro loke… gandhavicāro loke… rasavicāro loke… phoṭṭhabbavicāro loke… dhammavicāro loke piyarūpaṃ sātarūpaṃ. Etthesā taṇhā pahīyamānā pahīyati, ettha nirujjhāmānā nirujjhati. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhaṃ ariyasaccaṃ.
   Maggasaccaniddeso
   135. “Katamañca, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṃ? Ayameva ariyo aṭṭhaṅgiko maggo seyyathidaṃ – sammādiṭṭhi sammāsaṅkappo sammāvācā sammākammanto sammā-ājīvo sammāvāyāmo sammāsati sammāsamādhi.
   “Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi? Yaṃ kho, bhikkhave, dukkhe ñāṇaṃ, dukkhasamudaye ñāṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhe ñāṇaṃ, dukkhanirodhagāminiyā paṭipadāya ñāṇaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammādiṭṭhi.
   “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo? Nekkhammasaṅkappo abyāpādasaṅkappo avihiṃsāsaṅkappo. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsaṅkappo.
   “Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāvācā? Musāvādā veramaṇī, pisuṇāya vācāya veramaṇī, pharusāya vācāya veramaṇī, samphappalāpā veramaṇī Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvācā.
   “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammākammanto? Pāṇātipātā veramaṇī, adinnādānā veramaṇī, kāmesumicchācārā veramaṇī. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammākammanto.
   “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammā-ājīvo? Idha, bhikkhave, ariyasāvako micchā-ājīvaṃ pahāya sammā-ājīvena jīvitaṃ kappeti. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammā-ājīvo.
   “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu anuppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ anuppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ pāpakānaṃ akusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ pahānāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; anuppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ uppādāya chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati; uppannānaṃ kusalānaṃ dhammānaṃ ṭhitiyā asammosāya bhiyyobhāvāya vepullāya bhāvanāya pāripūriyā chandaṃ janeti vāyamati vīriyaṃ ārabhati cittaṃ paggaṇhāti padahati. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāvāyāmo.
   “Katamā ca, bhikkhave, sammāsati? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu kāye kāyānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; vedanāsu vedanānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; citte cittānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ; dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati ātāpī sampajāno satimā vineyya loke abhijjhādomanassaṃ. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsati.
   “Katamo ca, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi? Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati, sato ca sampajāno, sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti, yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, sammāsamādhi. Idaṃ vuccati, bhikkhave, dukkhanirodhagāminī paṭipadā ariyasaccaṃ.
   136. “Iti ajjhattaṃ vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, bahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati, ajjhattabahiddhā vā dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati; samudayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, vayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati, samudayavayadhammānupassī vā dhammesu viharati. ‘Atthi dhammā’ti vā panassa sati paccupaṭṭhitā hoti. Yāvadeva ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya anissito ca viharati, na ca kiñci loke upādiyati. Evampi kho, bhikkhave, bhikkhu dhammesu dhammānupassī viharati catūsu ariyasaccesu.
   Saccapabbaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ.
   Dhammānupassanā niṭṭhitā.
   137. “Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya satta vassāni, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aññataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aññā; sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā.
   “Tiṭṭhantu, bhikkhave, satta vassāni. Yo hi koci bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya cha vassāni …pe… pañca vassāni… cattāri vassāni… tīṇi vassāni… dve vassāni… ekaṃ vassaṃ… tiṭṭhatu, bhikkhave, ekaṃ vassaṃ. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya satta māsāni, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aññataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aññā; sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā. Tiṭṭhantu, bhikkhave, satta māsāni. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya cha māsāni …pe… pañca māsāni… cattāri māsāni… tīṇi māsāni… dve māsāni… ekaṃ māsaṃ… aḍḍhamāsaṃ… tiṭṭhatu, bhikkhave, aḍḍhamāso. Yo hi koci, bhikkhave, ime cattāro satipaṭṭhāne evaṃ bhāveyya sattāhaṃ, tassa dvinnaṃ phalānaṃ aññataraṃ phalaṃ pāṭikaṅkhaṃ diṭṭheva dhamme aññā sati vā upādisese anāgāmitā”ti.
   138. “‘Ekāyano ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo sattānaṃ visuddhiyā sokaparidevānaṃ samatikkamāya dukkhadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamāya ñāyassa adhigamāya nibbānassa sacchikiriyāya yadidaṃ cattāro satipaṭṭhānā’ti. Iti yaṃ taṃ vuttaṃ, idametaṃ paṭicca vuttan”ti.
   Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.
   Mahāsatipaṭṭhānasuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.
   Mūlapariyāyavaggo niṭṭhito paṭhamo.
   Tassuddānaṃ–
   Mūlasusaṃvaradhammadāyādā, bheravānaṅgaṇākaṅkheyyavatthaṃ;
   Sallekhasammādiṭṭhisatipaṭṭhaṃ, vaggavaro asamo susamatto.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):
  「為了智的目的,為了朝向念的目的」(ñāṇamattāya paṭissatimattāya),智髻比丘長老英譯為「為僅夠的理解與深切注意」(for bare knowledge and mindfulness, MN),Maurice Walshe先生英譯為「只在理解與注意到的必要程度」(just to the extent necessary for knowledge and awareness, DN)。按:「朝向念」(paṭissati),這裡將paṭi解為「朝向」,水野弘元《巴利語辭典》作「憶念的; 記憶的」。
  「有身體」(Atthi kāyoti ),智髻比丘長老英譯為「有身體」(there is a body)。按:《破斥猶豫》、《吉祥悅意》說,這樣的念被現起:「只有身體(kāyova atthi),沒有眾生,沒有人,沒有女人,沒有男人,沒有真我,沒有屬於我的,沒有我,沒有我的,沒有任何人,沒有任何人的。」