北傳:中阿含168經 南傳:中部120經, 增支部4集123-124經 關涉主題:教理/執取定境往生 (更新)
中阿含168經/意行經(根本分別品)(莊春江標點)
  我聞如是
  一時遊舍衛國,在勝林給孤獨園。
  爾時,世尊告諸比丘
  「我今為汝說法,初妙、中妙、竟亦妙,有義有文具足清淨顯現梵行,謂:分別意行經、如意行生諦聽!諦聽!善思念之。」
  時,諸比丘受教而聽。
  佛言:
  「云何意行生?若有比丘離欲、離惡不善之法,有覺、有觀離生喜、樂,得初禪成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生梵身天中。諸梵身天者,生彼、住彼,受離生喜、樂,及比丘住此,入初禪,受離生喜、樂,此二離生喜、樂無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生梵身天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘覺、觀已息,內{靖}[靜]一心,無覺、無觀,定生喜、樂,得第二禪成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生晃昱天中。諸晃昱天者,生彼、住彼,受定生喜、樂,及比丘住此,入第二禪,受定生喜、樂,此二定生喜、樂無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生晃昱天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘離於喜欲,捨無求遊,正念、正智而身覺樂,謂:聖所說、聖所捨、念、樂住{室?},得第三禪成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生遍淨天中。諸遍淨天者,生彼、住彼,受無喜、樂,及比丘住此,入第三禪,受無喜、樂,此二無喜、樂無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生遍淨天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘樂滅、苦滅,喜、憂本已滅,不苦不樂、捨念清淨,得第四禪成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生果實天中。諸果實天者,生彼、住彼,受捨念清淨樂,及比丘住此,入第四禪,受捨念清淨樂,此二捨念清淨樂無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生果實天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘度一切色想,滅有對想,不念若干想,無量空,是無量空處成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生無量空處天中。諸無量空處天者,生彼、住彼,受無量空處想,及比丘住此,受無量空處想,此二無量空處想無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生無量空處天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘度無量空處,無量識,是無量識處成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生無量識處天中。諸無量識處天者,生彼、住彼,受無量識處想,及比丘住此,受無量識處想,此二無量識處想無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生無量識處天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘度無量識處,無所有,是無所有處成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生無所有處天中。諸無所有處天者,生彼、住彼,受無所有處想,及比丘住此,受無所有處想,此二無所有處想無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生無所有處天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘度一切無所有處想,非有想非無想,是非有想非無想處成就遊,彼此定樂、欲、住,彼此定樂、欲、住已,必有是處:住彼、樂彼,命終生非有想非無想處天中。諸非有想非無想處天者,生彼、住彼,受非有想非無想處想,及比丘住此,受非有想非無想處想,此二想無有差別,二俱等等,所以者何?先此行定,然後生彼,彼此定如是修、如是習、如是廣布,生非有想非無想處天中,如是,意行生。
  復次,比丘度一切非有想非無想處,想知滅身觸成就遊,慧見諸盡斷智。彼諸定中,此定說最第一、最大、最上、最勝、最妙,猶如因牛有乳,因乳有酪,因酪有生酥,因生酥有熟酥,因熟酥有酥精。酥精者說最第一、最大、最上、最勝、最妙。如是,彼諸定中,此定說最第一、最大、最上、最勝、最妙。得此定、依此定、住此定已,不復受生老病死苦,是說苦邊。」
  佛說如是,彼諸比丘聞佛所說,歡喜奉行。

中部120經/往生之意志經(逐步品)(莊春江譯)
  我聽到這樣
  有一次世尊住在舍衛城祇樹林給孤獨園。
  在那裡,世尊召喚比丘們:「比丘們!」
  「尊師!」那些比丘回答世尊。
  世尊這麼說:
  「比丘們!我將教導你們往生之意志,你們要聽!你們要好好作意!我要說了。」
  「是的,大德!」那些比丘回答世尊。
  世尊這麼說:
  「比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與有大財富的剎帝利為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與有大財富的婆羅門……(中略)與有大財富的屋主為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『四大天王諸天長壽、美貌、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與四大天王諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『三十三天諸天……(中略)焰摩諸天……(中略)兜率諸天……(中略)化樂諸天……(中略)他化自在諸天長壽、美貌、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與他化自在諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『一千梵天長壽、美貌、多樂。』比丘們!一千梵天住於勝解、遍佈一千個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。比丘們!猶如有眼男子拿一粒蓖麻在手掌上後能觀察。同樣的,比丘們!一千梵天住於勝解、遍佈一千個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與一千梵天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『二千梵天……(中略)三千梵天……(中略)四千梵天……(中略)五千梵天長壽、美貌、多樂。』比丘們!五千梵天住於勝解、遍佈五千個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。比丘們!猶如有眼男子拿五粒蓖麻在手上後能觀察。同樣的,比丘們!五千梵天住於勝解、遍佈五千個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與五千梵天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『一萬梵天長壽、美貌、多樂。』比丘們!一萬梵天住於勝解、遍佈一萬個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。比丘們!猶如美麗的、出色的、八個切割面的、作工細緻的、放在黃毛布上的琉璃寶珠,輝耀、照亮、照耀。同樣的,比丘們!一萬梵天住於勝解、遍佈一萬個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與一萬梵天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『十萬梵天長壽、美貌、多樂。』比丘們!十萬梵天住於勝解、遍佈十萬世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。比丘們!猶如熟練作業的鍛工子非常有技術的在鍛冶爐上打造的、放在黃毛布上的閻浮河金幣,輝耀、照亮、照耀。同樣的,比丘們!十萬梵天住於勝解、遍佈十萬個世間界,也住於勝解、遍佈那些往生那裡的眾生。他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與十萬梵天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『光天諸天……(中略)少光天諸天……無量光天諸天……光音天諸天長壽、美貌、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與光音天諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『少淨天諸天……(中略)無量淨天諸天……遍淨天諸天長壽、美貌、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與遍淨天諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『廣果天諸天……(中略)無煩天諸天……無熱天諸天……善見天諸天……善現天諸天……阿迦膩吒天諸天長壽、美貌、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與阿迦膩吒天諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『到達虛空無邊處諸天長壽、久住、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與到達虛空無邊處諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『到達識無邊處諸天長壽、久住、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與到達識無邊處諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼聽聞:『到達無所有處諸天……(中略)到達非想非非想處諸天長壽、久住、多樂。』他這麼想:『啊!願我以身體的崩解,死後往生到與到達非想非非想處諸天為同伴。』他在那上面安置心、站穩心、修習心,這些意志與他的住處這樣已修習、這樣已多修習導向那裡的往生,比丘們!導向那裡的往生,這是道、這是道跡。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,比丘具備信、戒、聽聞、施捨、慧,他這麼想:『啊!願我以諸煩惱的滅盡,當生以證智自作證後,能進入後住於無煩惱的心解脫慧解脫。』他以諸煩惱的滅盡,當生以證智自作證後,能進入後住於無煩惱的心解脫、慧解脫。比丘們!這位比丘不往生於任何地方。」
  這就是世尊所說,那些比丘歡喜世尊所說。
  往生之意志經第十終了。
  逐步品第二終了,其攝頌
  逐步、純淨、人法,應該實行、多界細說,
  佛陀的名字之稱讚與四十,入出息、身至、往生。

增支部4集123經/差異經第一(莊春江譯)
  「比丘們!現在世間中存在這四種人,哪四種呢?
  比丘們!這裡,某人從離欲、離不善法後,進入後住於有尋、有伺離而生喜、樂的初禪,他樂味它、欲求它,且因它而來到幸福,在那裡,他是已住立者、勝解它者,多住於它者、不衰退者,當他死時,往生到與梵眾天諸天為同伴。比丘們!梵眾天諸天的壽命量有一劫,在那裡,一般人存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,他走到地獄、畜生界、餓鬼界,但,世尊的弟子存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,就在那個存在處般涅槃。比丘們!對已受教導的聖弟子與未受教導的一般人來說,這是高下,這是不同,這是差別,即:有趣處、往生。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,某人以尋與伺的平息,自信一心,進入後住於無尋、無伺,定而生喜、樂的第二禪,他樂味它、欲求它,且因它而來到幸福,在那裡,他是已住立者、勝解它者,多住於它者、不衰退者,當他死時,往生到與光音天諸天為同伴。比丘們!光音天諸天的壽命量有二劫,在那裡,一般人存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,他走到地獄、畜生界、餓鬼界,但,世尊的弟子存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,就在那個存在處般涅槃。比丘們!對已受教導的聖弟子與未受教導的一般人來說,這是高下,這是不同,這是差別,即:有趣處、往生。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,某人以喜的褪去與住於平靜,正念、正知,以身體感受樂,進入後住於這聖弟子宣說:『他是平靜、專注、住於樂者』的第三禪,他樂味它、欲求它,且因它而來到幸福,在那裡,他是已住立者、勝解它者,多住於它者、不衰退者,當他死時,往生到與遍淨天諸天為同伴。比丘們!遍淨天諸天的壽命量有四劫,在那裡,一般人存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,他走到地獄、畜生界、餓鬼界,但,世尊的弟子存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,就在那個存在處般涅槃。比丘們!對已受教導的聖弟子與未受教導的一般人來說,這是高下,這是不同,這是差別,即:有趣處、往生。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,某人以樂的捨斷與苦的捨斷,及以之前喜悅與憂的滅沒,進入後住於不苦不樂,由平靜而正念遍淨的第四禪,他樂味它、欲求它,且因它而來到幸福,在那裡,他是已住立者、勝解它者,多住於它者、不衰退者,當他死時,往生到與廣果天諸天為同伴。比丘們!廣果天諸天的壽命量有五百劫,在那裡,一般人存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,他走到地獄、畜生界、餓鬼界,但,世尊的弟子存續所有壽命之所及,度過所有那個天的壽命量之所及後,就在那個存在處般涅槃。比丘們!對已受教導的聖弟子與未受教導的一般人來說,這是高下,這是不同,這是差別,即:有趣處、往生。
  比丘們!這是現在世間中存在的四種人。」

增支部4集124經/差異經第二(莊春江譯)
  「比丘們!現在世間中存在這四種人,哪四種呢?
  比丘們!這裡,某人從離欲、離不善法後,進入後住於有尋、有伺離而生喜、樂的初禪,在那裡,所有色之類、受之類、想之類、行之類、識之類,他看那些法作無常的、苦的、病的、腫瘤的、箭的、禍的、疾病的、另一邊的、敗壞的、空的、無我的,他以身體的崩解,死後往生到與淨居天諸天為同伴。比丘們!這是與一般人不共通的往生。
  再者,比丘們!這裡,某人以尋與伺的平息,……(中略)第二禪……(中略)第三禪……(中略)第四禪,在那裡,所有色之類、受之類、想之類、行之類、識之類,他看那些法作無常的、苦的、病的、腫瘤的、箭的、禍的、疾病的、另一邊的、敗壞的、空的、無我的,他以身體的崩解,死後往生到與淨居天諸天為同伴。比丘們!這是與一般人不共通的往生。
  比丘們!這是現在世間中存在的四種人。」

巴利語經文(台灣嘉義法雨道場流通的word版本)
MN.120/(10) Saṅkhārupapattisuttaṃ
   160. Evaṃ me sutaṃ– ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ viharati jetavane anāthapiṇḍikassa ārāme. Tatra kho bhagavā bhikkhū āmantesi– “bhikkhavo”ti. “Bhadante”ti te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca– “saṅkhārupapattiṃ vo, bhikkhave, desessāmi, taṃ suṇātha, sādhukaṃ manasi karotha; bhāsissāmī”ti. “Evaṃ, bhante”ti kho te bhikkhū bhagavato paccassosuṃ. Bhagavā etadavoca–
   161. “Idha, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena samannāgato hoti, cāgena samannāgato hoti, paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā khattiyamahāsālānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   162. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena samannāgato hoti, cāgena samannāgato hoti, paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā brāhmaṇamahāsālānaṃ …pe… gahapatimahāsālānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   163. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena samannāgato hoti, cāgena samannāgato hoti, paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘cātumahārājikā devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulā’ti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā cātumahārājikānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   164. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena samannāgato hoti, cāgena samannāgato hoti, paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– tāvatiṃsā devā …pe… yāmā devā… tusitā devā… nimmānaratī devā… paranimmitavasavattī devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulāti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā paranimmitavasavattīnaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   165. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena samannāgato hoti, cāgena samannāgato hoti, paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘sahasso brahmā dīghāyuko vaṇṇavā sukhabahulo’ti. Sahasso, bhikkhave, brahmā sahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, cakkhumā puriso ekaṃ āmaṇḍaṃ hatthe karitvā paccavekkheyya; evameva kho, bhikkhave, sahasso brahmā sahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā sahassassa brahmuno sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   166. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– dvisahasso brahmā …pe… tisahasso brahmā… catusahasso brahmā… pañcasahasso brahmā dīghāyuko vaṇṇavā sukhabahuloti. Pañcasahasso, bhikkhave, brahmā pañcasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, cakkhumā puriso pañca āmaṇḍāni hatthe karitvā paccavekkheyya; evameva kho, bhikkhave, pañcasahasso brahmā pañcasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā pañcasahassassa brahmuno sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   167. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena samannāgato hoti, sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘dasasahasso brahmā dīghāyuko vaṇṇavā sukhabahulo’ti. Dasasahasso, bhikkhave, brahmā dasasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, maṇi veḷuriyo subho jātimā aṭṭhaṃso suparikammakato paṇḍukambale nikkhitto bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, dasasahasso brahmā dasasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā dasasahassassa brahmuno sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   168. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘satasahasso brahmā dīghāyuko vaṇṇavā sukhabahulo’ti. Satasahasso, bhikkhave, brahmā satasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Seyyathāpi, bhikkhave, nikkhaṃ jambonadaṃ dakkhakammāraputta-ukkāmukhasukusalasampahaṭṭhaṃ Paṇḍukambale nikkhittaṃ bhāsate ca tapate ca virocati ca; evameva kho, bhikkhave, satasahasso brahmā satasahassilokadhātuṃ pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Yepi tattha sattā upapannā tepi pharitvā adhimuccitvā viharati. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā satasahassassa brahmuno sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   169. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ābhā devā …pe… parittābhā devā… appamāṇābhā devā… ābhassarā devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulāti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā ābhassarānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   170. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– parittasubhā devā …pe… appamāṇasubhā devā… subhakiṇhā devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulāti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā subhakiṇhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   171. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– vehapphalā devā …pe… avihā devā… atappā devā… sudassā devā… sudassī devā… akaniṭṭhā devā dīghāyukā vaṇṇavanto sukhabahulāti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā akaniṭṭhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   172. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘ākāsānañcāyatanūpagā devā dīghāyukā ciraṭṭhitikā sukhabahulā’ti Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā ākāsānañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   173. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ‘viññāṇañcāyatanūpagā devā dīghāyukā ciraṭṭhitikā sukhabahulā’ti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā viññāṇañcāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   174. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa sutaṃ hoti– ākiñcaññāyatanūpagā devā …pe… nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagā devā dīghāyukā ciraṭṭhitikā sukhabahulāti. Tassa evaṃ hoti– ‘aho vatāhaṃ kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā nevasaññānāsaññāyatanūpagānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjeyyan’ti. So taṃ cittaṃ dahati, taṃ cittaṃ adhiṭṭhāti, taṃ cittaṃ bhāveti. Tassa te saṅkhārā ca vihārā ca evaṃ bhāvitā evaṃ bahulīkatā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattanti. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, maggo ayaṃ paṭipadā tatrupapattiyā saṃvattati.
   175. “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu saddhāya samannāgato hoti, sīlena… sutena… cāgena… paññāya samannāgato hoti. Tassa evaṃ hoti ‘aho vatāhaṃ āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja vihareyyan’ti. So āsavānaṃ khayā anāsavaṃ cetovimuttiṃ paññāvimuttiṃ diṭṭheva dhamme sayaṃ abhiññā sacchikatvā upasampajja viharati. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, bhikkhu na katthaci upapajjatī”ti.
   Idamavoca bhagavā. Attamanā te bhikkhū bhagavato bhāsitaṃ abhinandunti.
   Saṅkhārupapattisuttaṃ niṭṭhitaṃ dasamaṃ.
   Anupadavaggo niṭṭhito dutiyo.
   Tassuddānaṃ–
   Anupāda-sodhana-porisadhammo, sevitabba-bahudhātu-vibhatti.
   Buddhassa kittināma-cattārīsena, ānāpāno kāyagato upapatti.

AN.4.123/ 3. Paṭhamanānākaraṇasuttaṃ
   123. “Cattārome, bhikkhave, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi vivicca akusalehi dhammehi savitakkaṃ savicāraṃ vivekajaṃ pītisukhaṃ paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti, taṃ nikāmeti, tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno brahmakāyikānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Brahmakāyikānaṃ, bhikkhave, devānaṃ kappo āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃyeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, viseso ayaṃ adhippayāso idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena, yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati .
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, idhekacco puggalo vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā ajjhattaṃ sampasādanaṃ cetaso ekodibhāvaṃ avitakkaṃ avicāraṃ samādhijaṃ pītisukhaṃ dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti, taṃ nikāmeti, tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno ābhassarānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Ābhassarānaṃ, bhikkhave, devānaṃ dve kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃyeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, viseso ayaṃ adhippayāso idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena, yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, idhekacco puggalo pītiyā ca virāgā upekkhako ca viharati sato ca sampajāno sukhañca kāyena paṭisaṃvedeti yaṃ taṃ ariyā ācikkhanti– ‘upekkhako satimā sukhavihārī’ti tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti, taṃ nikāmeti, tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno, kālaṃ kurumāno subhakiṇhānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Subhakiṇhānaṃ, bhikkhave, devānaṃ cattāro kappā āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃyeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, viseso ayaṃ adhippayāso idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena, yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, idhekacco puggalo sukhassa ca pahānā dukkhassa ca pahānā pubbeva somanassadomanassānaṃ atthaṅgamā adukkhamasukhaṃ upekkhāsatipārisuddhiṃ catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So tadassādeti, taṃ nikāmeti, tena ca vittiṃ āpajjati. Tattha ṭhito tadadhimutto tabbahulavihārī aparihīno kālaṃ kurumāno vehapphalānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Vehapphalānaṃ, bhikkhave, devānaṃ pañca kappasatāni āyuppamāṇaṃ. Tattha puthujjano yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā nirayampi gacchati tiracchānayonimpi gacchati pettivisayampi gacchati. Bhagavato pana sāvako tattha yāvatāyukaṃ ṭhatvā yāvatakaṃ tesaṃ devānaṃ āyuppamāṇaṃ taṃ sabbaṃ khepetvā tasmiṃyeva bhave parinibbāyati. Ayaṃ kho, bhikkhave, viseso ayaṃ adhippayāso idaṃ nānākaraṇaṃ sutavato ariyasāvakassa assutavatā puthujjanena, yadidaṃ gatiyā upapattiyā sati. Ime kho, bhikkhave, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmin”ti. Tatiyaṃ.

AN.4.124/ 4. Dutiyanānākaraṇasuttaṃ
   124. “Cattārome, bhikkhave, puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmiṃ. Katame cattāro? Idha, bhikkhave, ekacco puggalo vivicceva kāmehi …pe… paṭhamaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ, te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi.
   “Puna caparaṃ, bhikkhave, idhekacco puggalo vitakkavicārānaṃ vūpasamā …pe… dutiyaṃ jhānaṃ …pe… tatiyaṃ jhānaṃ …pe… catutthaṃ jhānaṃ upasampajja viharati. So yadeva tattha hoti rūpagataṃ vedanāgataṃ saññāgataṃ saṅkhāragataṃ viññāṇagataṃ, te dhamme aniccato dukkhato rogato gaṇḍato sallato aghato ābādhato parato palokato suññato anattato samanupassati. So kāyassa bhedā paraṃ maraṇā suddhāvāsānaṃ devānaṃ sahabyataṃ upapajjati. Ayaṃ, bhikkhave, upapatti asādhāraṇā puthujjanehi. Ime kho, bhikkhave, cattāro puggalā santo saṃvijjamānā lokasmin”ti. Catutthaṃ.
南北傳經文比對(莊春江作):
  「意行生」,南傳作「往生之意志」(saṅkhārupapattiṃ),菩提比丘長老英譯為「根據一個人的熱望而再現」(reappearance in accordance with one's aspiration)。按:《破斥猶豫》以「只以意志往生(saṅkhārānaṃyeva upapattiṃ),非眾生的、人的,或以福行到達的有之蘊」(na sattassa, na posassa, puññābhisaṅkhārena vā bhavūpagakkhandhānaṃ)解說,但在後段「意志與住處」(saṅkhārā ca vihārā)處則以「以連同熱望、信等五法」(saha patthanāya saddhādayova pañca dhammā)解說,也就是以「熱望」解說「意志」,長老據此將「意志」譯為「熱望」來帶亮要表達的意思(to bring the intended meaning to light)。