經號:   
   (AN.11.13 更新)
增支部11集13經/難提經(莊春江譯)
  有一次世尊住在釋迦族人的迦毘羅衛城尼拘律園。
  那時,世尊想要到舍衛城雨季安居。
  釋迦族人難提聽聞:
  「聽說世尊想要到舍衛城雨季安居。」
  那時,釋迦族人難提這麼想:
  「如果我也到舍衛城雨季安居,在那裡進行事業,我將得到經常見世尊的機會。」
  那時,世尊到舍衛城雨季安居,釋迦族人難提也到舍衛城雨季安居,在那裡進行事業,他得到經常見世尊的機會。
  當時,眾多比丘為世尊作衣服的工作:
  「經過三個月了,當衣服完成時,世尊將出發遊行。」
  釋迦族人難提聽聞:
  「聽說眾多比丘為世尊作衣服的工作:『經過三個月了,當衣服完成時,世尊將出發遊行。』」
  那時,釋迦族人難提去見世尊。抵達後,向世尊問訊,接著在一旁坐下。在一旁坐好後,釋迦族人難提對世尊這麼說:
  「大德!我聽聞:『聽說眾多比丘為世尊作衣服的工作:「經過三個月了,當衣服完成時,世尊將出發遊行。」』大德!對那些以種種住處而住的我們,應該以什麼住處而住呢?」
  「難提!好!好!難提!對善男子的你們來說,這是適當的:你們來見如來而問:『大德!對那些以種種住處而住的我們,應該以什麼住處而住呢?』
  難提!有信者是成功的,非無信者;持戒者是成功的,非破戒者;活力已被發動者是成功的,非怠惰者;念已現前者是成功的,非念已忘失者;得定者是成功的,非不得定者;有慧者是成功的,非劣慧者
  難提!在這六法上住立後,應該在五法上準備自己的念:
  難提!這裡,你應該回憶如來:『像這樣,那位世尊是阿羅漢遍正覺者明與行具足者善逝世間知者應該被調御人的無上調御者人天之師佛陀、世尊。』難提!這樣,你應該準備生起自己對如來的念。
  再者,難提!你應該回憶法:『法是被世尊善說的、直接可見的、即時的、請你來見的、能引導的、智者應該自己經驗的。』難提!這樣,你應該準備生起自己對法的念。
  再者,難提!你應該回憶善友:『這確實是我的獲得,確實是我的好獲得,這是我的善友:他是悲愍者、樂於利益者、告誡者、教誡者。』難提!這樣,你應該準備生起自己對善友的念。
  再者,難提!你應該回憶自己的施捨:『這確實是我的獲得,確實是我的好獲得,我在被慳垢纏縛的世代中,以離慳垢之心住於在家,自在施捨,親手施與,樂於捨,回應乞求、樂於均分與布施。』難提!這樣,你應該準備生起自己對施捨的念。
  再者,難提!你應該回憶天:『凡超越以物質食物為食、與諸天為同伴之天,往生另一個意生身,祂們不認為有自己應該作的,或對已作的增加[什麼],難提!猶如非暫時解脫的比丘不認為有自己應該作的,或對已作的增加[什麼]。同樣的,難提!凡超越以物質食物為食、與諸天為同伴之天,往生另一個意生身,祂們不認為有自己應該作的,或對已作的增加[什麼]。』難提!這樣,你應該準備生起自己對天的念。
  難提!已具備這十一法的聖弟子就捨斷惡不善法,不執取。
  難提!猶如傾倒的瓶子就吐出水,已吐出的不再還原,難提!又如同在乾草上放火到燒盡,已燒盡的不再復原。同樣的,難提!已具備這十一法的聖弟子就捨斷惡不善法,不執取。」
AN.11.13/ 3. Nandiyasuttaṃ
   13. Ekaṃ samayaṃ bhagavā sakkesu viharati kapilavatthusmiṃ nigrodhārāme. Tena kho pana samayena bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ vassāvāsaṃ upagantukāmo hoti.
   Assosi kho nandiyo sakko– “bhagavā kira sāvatthiyaṃ vassāvāsaṃ upagantukāmo”ti. Atha kho nandiyassa sakkassa etadahosi– “yaṃnūnāhampi sāvatthiyaṃ vassāvāsaṃ upagaccheyyaṃ. Tattha kammantañceva adhiṭṭhahissāmi, bhagavantañca lacchāmi kālena kālaṃ dassanāyā”ti.
   Atha kho bhagavā sāvatthiyaṃ vassāvāsaṃ upagacchi. Nandiyopi kho sakko sāvatthiyaṃ vassāvāsaṃ upagacchi. Tattha kammantañceva adhiṭṭhāsi, bhagavantañca labhi kālena kālaṃ dassanāya. Tena kho pana samayena sambahulā bhikkhū bhagavato cīvarakammaṃ karonti– “niṭṭhitacīvaro bhagavā temāsaccayena cārikaṃ pakkamissatī”ti.
   Assosi kho nandiyo sakko– “sambahulā kira bhikkhū bhagavato cīvarakammaṃ karonti– ‘niṭṭhitacīvaro bhagavā temāsaccayena cārikaṃ pakkamissatī’”ti. Atha kho nandiyo sakko yena bhagavā tenupasaṅkami; upasaṅkamitvā bhagavantaṃ abhivādetvā ekamantaṃ nisīdi. Ekamantaṃ nisinno kho nandiyo sakko bhagavantaṃ etadavoca– “sutaṃ metaṃ, bhante ‘sambahulā kira bhikkhū bhagavato cīvarakammaṃ karonti– niṭṭhitacīvaro bhagavā temāsaccayena cārikaṃ pakkamissatī’ti. Tesaṃ no, bhante, nānāvihārehi viharataṃ kenassa vihārena vihātabban”ti?
   “Sādhu sādhu, nandiya! Etaṃ kho, nandiya, tumhākaṃ patirūpaṃ kulaputtānaṃ, yaṃ tumhe tathāgataṃ upasaṅkamitvā puccheyyātha– ‘tesaṃ no, bhante, nānāvihārehi viharataṃ kenassa vihārena vihātabban’ti? Saddho kho, nandiya, ārādhako hoti, no assaddho; sīlavā ārādhako hoti, no dussīlo; āraddhavīriyo ārādhako hoti, no kusīto; upaṭṭhitassati ārādhako hoti, no muṭṭhassati; samāhito ārādhako hoti, no asamāhito; paññavā ārādhako hoti, no duppañño. Imesu kho te, nandiya, chasu dhammesu patiṭṭhāya pañcasu dhammesu ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Idha tvaṃ, nandiya, tathāgataṃ anussareyyāsi– ‘itipi so bhagavā arahaṃ sammāsambuddho vijjācaraṇasampanno sugato lokavidū anuttaro purisadammasārathi satthā devamanussānaṃ buddho bhagavā’ti. Iti kho te, nandiya, tathāgataṃ ārabbha ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Puna caparaṃ tvaṃ, nandiya, dhammaṃ anussareyyāsi– ‘svākkhāto bhagavatā dhammo sandiṭṭhiko akāliko ehipassiko opaneyyiko paccattaṃ veditabbo viññūhī’ti. Iti kho te, nandiya, dhammaṃ ārabbha ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Puna caparaṃ tvaṃ, nandiya, kalyāṇamitte anussareyyāsi– ‘lābhā vata me, suladdhaṃ vata me, yassa me kalyāṇamittā anukampakā atthakāmā ovādakā anusāsakā’ti. Iti kho te, nandiya, kalyāṇamitte ārabbha ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Puna caparaṃ tvaṃ, nandiya, attano cāgaṃ anussareyyāsi– ‘lābhā vata me, suladdhaṃ vata me, yohaṃ maccheramalapariyuṭṭhitāya pajāya vigatamalamaccherena cetasā agāraṃ ajjhāvasāmi muttacāgo payatapāṇi vossaggarato yācayogo dānasaṃvibhāgarato’ti. Iti kho te, nandiya, cāgaṃ ārabbha ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Puna caparaṃ tvaṃ, nandiya, devatā anussareyyāsi– ‘yā devatā atikkammeva kabaḷīkārāhārabhakkhānaṃ devatānaṃ sahabyataṃ aññataraṃ manomayaṃ kāyaṃ upapannā, tā karaṇīyaṃ attano na samanupassanti katassa vā paticayaṃ. Seyyathāpi, nandiya, bhikkhu asamayavimutto karaṇīyaṃ attano na samanupassati katassa vā paticayaṃ; evamevaṃ kho, nandiya, yā tā devatā atikkammeva kabaḷīkārāhārabhakkhānaṃ devatānaṃ sahabyataṃ aññataraṃ manomayaṃ kāyaṃ upapannā, tā karaṇīyaṃ attano na samanupassanti katassa vā paticayaṃ. Iti kho te, nandiya, devatā ārabbha ajjhattaṃ sati upaṭṭhāpetabbā.
   “Imehi kho, nandiya, ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato ariyasāvako pajahateva pāpake akusale dhamme, na upādiyati. Seyyathāpi, nandiya, kumbho nikkujjo vamateva udakaṃ, no vantaṃ paccāvamati; seyyathāpi vā pana, nandiya, sukkhe tiṇadāye aggi mutto ḍahaññeva gacchati, no daḍḍhaṃ paccudāvattati evamevaṃ kho, nandiya, imehi ekādasahi dhammehi samannāgato ariyasāvako pajahateva pāpake akusale dhamme, na upādiyatī”ti. Tatiyaṃ.
漢巴經文比對(莊春江作):